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Contributors
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Judith C. Ahronheim, MD, MSJ

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Clinical Professor of Medicine

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New York Medical College

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Valhalla, New York

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Chapter 33, "Geriatric Principles"

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Kavita M. Babu, MD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of Massachusetts Medical School

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Fellowship Director

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Division of Medical Toxicology

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University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

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Worcester, Massachusetts

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Chapter 82, "Hallucinogens"

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Theodore C. Bania, MD, MS

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Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine

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Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

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Director of Toxicology and Research

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St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center

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New York, New York

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Antidotes in Depth: A20, "Intravenous Fat Emulsion"

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Fermin Barrueto Jr, MD

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Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of Maryland

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Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine

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Upper Chesapeake Health Systems

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Baltimore, Maryland

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Chapter 115, "Sodium Monofluoroacetate and Fluoroacetamide"

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James David Barry, MD

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Program Director, Emergency Medicine Residency

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Naval Medical Center Portsmouth

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Portsmouth, Virginia

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Chapter 59, "Antimalarials"

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Michael C. Beuhler, MD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

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Medical Director, Carolinas Poison Center

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Charlotte, North Carolina

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Chapter 116, "Phosphorus"

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Steven B. Bird, MD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of Massachusetts Medical School

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Residency Program Director and Vice Chair of Education

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University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

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Worcester, Massachusetts

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Chapter 93, "Chromium"

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Kelly A. Green Boesen, PharmD, BCPS

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Clinical Pharmacist

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El Rio Community Health Center

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Tucson, Arizona

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Special Considerations: SC8, "Exotic (Nonnative) Snake Envenomations"

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Keith Boesen, PharmD

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Instructor

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University of Arizona College of Pharmacy

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Pharmacist, Managing Director

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Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center

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Tucson, Arizona

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Special Considerations: SC8, "Exotic (Nonnative) Snake Envenomations"

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George M. Bosse, MD

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Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of Louisville

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Medical Director

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Kentucky Regional Poison Center

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Louisville, Kentucky

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Chapter 53, "Antidiabetics and Hypoglycemics"

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Nicole C. Bouchard, MD, FACMT, FRCPC

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Assistant Professor of Medicine

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Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons

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Director of Medical Toxicology

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Assistant Site Director

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New York-Presbyterian Hospital

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New York, New York

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Chapter 56, "Thyroid and Antithyroid Medications"

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Jeffrey R. Brubacher, MD, MSc, FRCPC

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Assistant Professor

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University of British Columbia

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Emergency Physician

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Vancouver General Hospital

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Toxicology Consultant, British Columbia Drug and Poison Information Centre

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Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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Chapter 62, "?-Adrenergic Antagonists"

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D. Eric Brush, MD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of Massachusetts Medical School

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Division of Toxicology

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University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

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Worcester, Massachusetts

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Chapter 119, "Marine Envenomations"

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Michele M. Burns, MD, MPH

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Assistant Professor of Pediatrics

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Harvard Medical School

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Fellowship Director, Harvard Medical Toxicology Fellowship

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Medical Director, Regional Center for Poison Control and Prevention

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Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine

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Boston Children's Hospital

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Boston, Massachusetts

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Chapter 101, "Silver"

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Diane P. Calello, MD, FAAP, FACMT

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Medical Toxicologist

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New Jersey Poison Information and Education System

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Rutgers University, New Jersey Medical School

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Attending Physician

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Morristown Medical Center Residency in Emergency Medicine

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Chapter 96, "Lead"

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Chapter 100, "Selenium"

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Louis R. Cantilena, MD, PhD

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Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology

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Department of Medicine

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Uniformed Services University

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Bethesda, Maryland

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Chapter 139, "Drug Development, Adverse Drug Events and Postmarketing Surveillance"

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Jennifer Lee Carey, MD

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Clinical Instructor of Emergency Medicine

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University of Massachusetts Medical School

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Fellow in Medical Toxicology

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University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

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Worcester, Massachusetts

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Chapter 82, "Hallucinogens"

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Gar Ming Chan, MD, FACEM

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Specialist in Emergency Medicine

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Launceston General Hospital

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Tasmania, Australia

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Chapter 94, "Cobalt"

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Yiu-Cheung Chan, MD, MBBS, FRCS (Ed), FHKCEM, FHKAM

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Associate Consultant, Director of Toxicology Training

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Hong Kong Poison Information Centre

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Hong Kong SAR, China

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Chapter 117, "Strychnine"

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Nathan P. Charlton, MD

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Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Medical Toxicology

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University of Virginia School of Medicine

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Charlottesville, Virginia

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Chapter 128, "Smoke Inhalation"

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Alan N. Charney, MD

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Clinical Professor of Medicine

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New York University School of Medicine

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New York, New York

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Chapter 19, "Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Principles"

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Betty C. Chen, MD

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Acting Instructor

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University of Washington School of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine

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Attending Physician

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Harborview Medical Center

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Seattle, Washington

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Chapter 60, "Antithrombotics"

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William K. Chiang, MD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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New York University School of Medicine

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Attending Physician

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Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 26, "Otolaryngologic Principles"

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Jason Chu, MD

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Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine

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Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

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Attending Physician

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St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 21, "Genitourinary Principles"

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Chapter 54, "Antimigraine Medications"

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Richard J. Church, MD, FACEP

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Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of Massachusetts Medical School

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Assistant Director, Emergency Medicine Residency Program

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University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

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Worcester, Massachusetts

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Chapter 20, "Gastrointestinal Principles"

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Cathleen Clancy, MD, FACMT

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Associate Professor

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Department of Emergency Medicine

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George Washington University Medical Center

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Associate Medical Director

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National Capital Poison Center

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Washington, District of Columbia

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Attending Emergency Medicine Physician

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Bethesda Naval Emergency Department

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Walter Reed National Military Medical Center

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Bethesda, Maryland

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Chapter 16, "Electrophysiologic and Electrocardiographic Principles"

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Richard F. Clark, MD

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Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of California, San Diego

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Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

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University of California San Diego Medical Center

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San Diego, California

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Antidotes in Depth: A34, "Antivenom: Spider"

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Antidotes in Depth: A35, "Antivenom: Scorpion"

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Steven C. Curry, MD

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Professor of Medicine

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University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

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Center for Toxicology and Pharmacology Education and Research

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University of Arizona

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Director, Department of Medical Toxicology

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Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

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Phoenix, Arizona

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Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

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John A. Curtis Jr, MD

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Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

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Drexel University College of Medicine

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Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Cheshire Medical Center Dartmouth-Hitchcock Keene

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Keene, New Hampshire

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Chapter 99, "Nickel"

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Michael A. Darracq, MD, MPH

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Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of California, San Francisco Fresno Medical Education Program

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Department of Emergency Medicine

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Fresno, California

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California Poison Control System

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San Diego, California

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Antidotes in Depth: A34, "Antivenom: Spider"

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Antidotes in Depth: A35, "Antivenom: Scorpion"

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Andrew Dawson, MBBS, FRACP

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Clinical Professor of Medicine

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University of Sydney

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Sydney, Australia

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Senior Staff Specialist

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New South Wales Poisons Information Centre

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Westmead, New South Wales, Australia

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Chapter 110, "Barium"

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Kathleen A. Delaney, MD

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Clinical Professor, Division of Emergency Medicine

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University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

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Dallas, Texas

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Chapter 13, "Biochemical and Metabolic Principles"

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Chapter 23, "Hepatic Principles"

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Chapter 30, "Thermoregulatory Principles"

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Antidotes in Depth: A12, "Dextrose (D-Glucose)"

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Francis Jerome DeRoos, MD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

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Residency Director

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Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

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Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 61, "Calcium Channel Blockers"

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Chapter 63, "Miscellaneous Antihypertensives and Pharmacologically Related Agents"

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Suzanne Doyon, MD, FACEP, FACMT

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Adjunct Associate Professor

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University of Maryland School of Pharmacy

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Medical Director

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Maryland Poison Center

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Baltimore, Maryland

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Chapter 48, "Antiepileptics"

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Dainius A. Drukteinis, MD, JD, FACEP

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Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of South Florida

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Associate Medical Director

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Tampa General Hospital

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Tampa, Florida

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Chapter 141, "Risk Management and Legal Principles"

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Michael Eddleston, MD, PhD, MRCP

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Professor of Clinical Toxicology

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University of Edinburgh

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Consultant in Clinical Toxicology

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Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh

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Edinburgh, United Kingdom

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Chapter 113, "Insecticides: Organic Phosphorus Compounds and Carbamates"

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Kyle B. Enfield, MD, MS

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Assistant Professor of Medicine

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University of Virginia School of Medicine

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Medical Director Medical Intensive Care Unit

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Assistant Hospital Epidemiologist

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University of Virginia Health System

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Charlottesville, Virginia

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Chapter 11, "Use of the Intensive Care Unit"

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Brenna M. Farmer, MD

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Assistant Professor of Medicine

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Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

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Attending Physician

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New York Presbyterian Hospital

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Weill Cornell Medical Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 83, "g-Hydroxybutyric Acid"

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Chapter 87, "Aluminum"

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Chapter 140, "Medication Safety and Adverse Drug Events"

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Jeffrey S. Fine, MD

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Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics

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New York University School of Medicine

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Attending Physician

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Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 31, "Reproductive and Perinatal Principles"

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Chapter 32, "Pediatric Principles"

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Mark A. Flomenbaum, MD, PhD

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Lecturer in Microbiology and Immunology

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Harvard Medical School

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Deputy Chief Medical Examiner

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Office of Chief Medical Examiner, State of Maine

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Boston, Massachusetts

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Chapter 34, "Postmortem Toxicology"

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Jessica A. Fulton, DO

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Attending Physician

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Grandview Hospital

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Sellersville, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 106, "Caustics"

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Howard L. Geyer, MD, PhD

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Assistant Professor of Neurology

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Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University

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Director, Division of Movement Disorders

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Montefiore Medical Center

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Bronx, New York

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Chapter 41, "Botulism"

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Antidotes in Depth: A6, "Botulinum Antitoxin"

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Marc Ghannoum, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine

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University of Montreal

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Verdun Hospital

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Montreal, Canada

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Chapter 10, "Principles and Techniques Applied to Enhance Elimination"

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Chapter 28, "Renal Principles"

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Beth Y. Ginsburg, MD

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Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

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Attending Physician

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Elmhurst Hospital Center

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Elmhurst, New York

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Chapter 47, "Vitamins"

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Jeffrey A. Gold, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine

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Program Director, Pulmonary Critical Care

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Associate Director, Adult Cystic Fibrosis Center

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Oregon Health and Sciences University

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Portland, Oregon

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Chapter 81, "Ethanol Withdrawal"

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David S. Goldfarb, MD, FACP

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Professor of Medicine and Physiology

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New York University School of Medicine

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Chief, Nephrology

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New York Harbor VA Healthcare System

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Clinical Chief, Nephrology Division

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New York University Langone Medical Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 10, "Principles and Techniques Applied to Enhance Elimination"

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Chapter 28, "Renal Principles"

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Lewis R. Goldfrank, MD, FAACT, FAAEM, FACEP, FACMT, FACP

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Herbert W. Adams Professor and Chair

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Department of Emergency Medicine

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New York University School of Medicine

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Director, Emergency Medicine

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Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

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Medical Director, New York City Poison Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

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Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

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Chapter 120, "Mushrooms"

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Chapter 121, "Plants"

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Sophie Gosselin, MD, CSPQ, FRCPC

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Associate Professor

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Department of Medicine

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Faculty of Medicine, McGill University

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McGill University Health Centre and Centre Antipoison du Québec

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Montréal, Québec, Canada

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Chapter 49, "Antihistamines and Decongestants"

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Kimberlie A. Graeme, MD

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Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of Arizona, College of Medicine–Phoenix

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Attending Toxicologist

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Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

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Attending Toxicologist, Phoenix Children's Hospital

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Phoenix, Arizona

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Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

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Howard A. Greller, MD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

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Attending Physician

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Division of Medical Toxicology

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Department of Emergency Medicine

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Mount Sinai Medical Center

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Associate Director, Upper West Side Urgent Care Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 72, "Lithium"

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Anne-Bolette J. Gude, MD

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Specialist, Clinical Pharmacology

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Danish Medical Association

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Danish Society of Clinical Pharmacology

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Copenhagen, Denmark

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Chapter 8, "Techniques Used to Prevent Gastrointestinal Absorption"

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David D. Gummin, MD, FAACT, FACEP, FACMT

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Professor, Medical College of Wisconsin

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Section Chief, Medical Toxicology

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Medical Director, Wisconsin Poison Center

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Milwaukee, Wisconsin

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Chapter 108, "Hydrocarbons"

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Amit K. Gupta, MD

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Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

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SUNY Downstate Medical Center

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Attending Physician

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Staten Island University Hospital

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Staten Island, New York

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Chapter 79, "Disulfiram and Disulfiramlike Reactions"

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Jason B. Hack, MD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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Program Director, Medical Toxicology

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Brown University, Warren Alpert Medical School

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Rhode Island Hospital

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Providence, Rhode Island

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Chapter 65, "Cardioactive Steroids"

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David A. Haggerty, MD, FAAEM

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Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine

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Good Samaritan Hospital

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Lebanon, PA

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Pinnacle Health System

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Division of Medical Toxicology

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Department of Internal Medicine

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Harrisburg, PA

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Chapter 99, "Nickel"

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In-Hei Hahn, MD

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Assistant Professor

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University of Vermont Department of Surgery

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Danbury Hospital Center, Department of Emergency Medicine

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Danbury, Connecticut

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Associate Attending, Emergency Medicine

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St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 118, "Arthropods"

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Richard J. Hamilton, MD

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Professor and Chairman of Emergency Medicine

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Drexel University College of Medicine

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Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 15, "Withdrawal Principles"

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Robert G. Hendrickson, MD, FAACT, FACMT

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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Oregon Health and Science University

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Program Director, Fellowship in Medical Toxicology

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Medical Director, Emergency Management

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Associate Medical Director, Oregon Poison Center

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Portland, Oregon

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Chapter 35, "Acetaminophen"

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Antidotes in Depth: A3, "N-Acetylcysteine"

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Fred M. Henretig, MD

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Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine

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Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

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Director, Section of Clinical Toxicology

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Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

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Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Chapter 96, "Lead"

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Christina H. Hernon, MD

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Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

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University of Massachusetts Medical School

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Division of Medical Toxicology

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University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

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Worcester, Massachusetts

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Chapter 58, "Antituberculous Medications"

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Robert A. Hessler, MD, PhD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

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New York University School of Medicine

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Attending Physician

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Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center and Veterans Administration Medical

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Center, Manhattan

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New York, New York

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Chapter 17, "Cardiologic Principles II: Hemodynamics"

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Lotte C. G. Hoegberg, MS (Pharm), PhD

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Pharmacist, Danish Poisons Information Centre

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Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine

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Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg

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Copenhagen, Denmark

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Chapter 8, "Techniques Used to Prevent Gastrointestinal Absorption"

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Robert J. Hoffman, MD, MS

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Director, Clinical Toxicology

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Sidra Medical and Research Center

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Doha, Qatar

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Chapter 66, "Methylxanthines and Selective β2-Adrenergic Agonists"

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Robert S. Hoffman, MD, FAACT, FACMT, FRCP Edin, FEAPCCT

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Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medicine Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

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New York University School of Medicine

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Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine

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Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

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Consultant, New York City Poison Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

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Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

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Chapter 19, "Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Principles"

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Chapter 29, "Respiratory Principles"

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Chapter 78, "Cocaine"

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Chapter 91, "Cadmium"

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Chapter 102, "Thallium"

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Chapter 136, "Poison Centers and Poison Epidemiology"

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Antidotes in Depth: A23, "Benzodiazepines"

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Antidotes in Depth: A24, "Thiamine Hydrochloride"

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Antidotes in Depth: A28, "Prussian Blue"

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Special Considerations: SC5, "Internal Concealment of Xenobiotics"

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Michael G. Holland, MD

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Associate Professor

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Department of Emergency Medicine

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SUNY Upstate Medical University

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Consulting Medical Toxicologist

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Upstate New York Poison Center

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Syracuse, New York

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Director of Occupational Medicine

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Glens Falls Hospital Center for Occupational Health

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Glens Falls, New York

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Chapter 114, "Insecticides: Organic Chlorines, Pyrethrins/Pyrethroids, and Insect Repellents"

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Christopher P. Holstege, MD

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Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics

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University of Virginia School of Medicine

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Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology

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Medical Director, Blue Ridge Poison Center

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University of Virginia Health System

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Charlottesville, Virginia

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Chapter 126, "Cyanide and Hydrogen Sulfide"

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++

William J. Holubek, MD, MPH

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Associate Chairperson, Department of Emergency Medicine

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Coney Island Hospital

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Brooklyn, New York

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Chapter 37, "Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs"

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Mary Ann Howland, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT

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Clinical Professor of Pharmacy

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St. John's University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

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Adjunct Professor of Emergency Medicine

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New York University School of Medicine

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Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

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Senior Consultant in Residence

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New York City Poison Center

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New York, New York

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Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

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Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

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Chapter 9, "Pharmacokinetic and Toxicokinetic Principles"

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Chapter 33, "Geriatric Principles"

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Antidotes in Depth: A1, "Activated Charcoal"

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Antidotes in Depth: A2, "Whole-Bowel Irrigation and Other Intestinal Evacuants"

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Antidotes in Depth: A3, "N-Acetylcysteine"

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Antidotes in Depth: A4, "Opioid Antagonists"

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Antidotes in Depth: A7, "Deferoxamine"

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Antidotes in Depth: A8, "L-Carnitine"

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Antidotes in Depth: A9, "Physostigmine Salicylate"

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Antidotes in Depth: A10, "Folates: Leucovorin (Folinic Acid) and Folic Acid"

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Antidotes in Depth: A13, "Octreotide"

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Antidotes in Depth: A14, "Pyridoxine"

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Antidotes in Depth: A15, "Vitamin K1"

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Antidotes in Depth: A16, "Protamine"

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Antidotes in Depth: A18, "Glucagon"

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Antidotes in Depth: A19, "Digoxin-Specific

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Antibody Fragments"

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Antidotes in Depth: A22, "Flumazenil"

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Antidotes in Depth: A23, "Benzodiazepines"

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Antidotes in Depth: A25, "Dimercaprol (British Anti-Lewisite or BAL)"

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Antidotes in Depth: A26, "Succimer (2,3-Dimercaptosuccinic Acid)"

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Antidotes in Depth: A27, "Edetate Calcium Disodium (CaNa2EDTA)"

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Antidotes in Depth: A29, "Calcium"

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Antidotes in Depth: A30, "Fomepizole"

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Antidotes in Depth: A31, "Ethanol"

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Antidotes in Depth: A32, "Atropine"

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Antidotes in Depth: A33, "Pralidoxime"

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Antidotes in Depth: A36, "Silibinin"

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Antidotes in Depth: A39, "Sodium and Amyl Nitrite"

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Antidotes in Depth: A40, "Sodium Thiosulfate"

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Antidotes in Depth: A41, "Hydroxocobalamin"

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Antidotes in Depth: A42, "Methylene Blue"

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++

Oliver L. Hung, MD

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Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

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Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

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New York, New York

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Chapter 45, "Herbal Preparations"

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++

David H. Jang, MD, MSc

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Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

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Department of Emergency Medicine and Division of Medical Toxicology

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New York University School of Medicine

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New York, New York

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Chapter 61, "Calcium Channel Blockers"

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Chapter 76, "Amphetamines"

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++

David N. Juurlink, BPharm, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAACT, FACMT

++

Associate Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Health Policy

++

Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto

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Head, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto

++

Toxicologist, Ontario Poison Information Centre

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Scientist, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences

++

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Chapter 70, "Antipsychotics"

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++

Bradley J. Kaufman, MD, MPH

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine

++

Hempstead, New York

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Attending Physician

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Department of Emergency Medicine

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Long Island Jewish Medical Center

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New Hyde Park, New York

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First Deputy Medical Director

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Fire Department of the City of New York

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New York, New York

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Chapter 131, "Hazardous Materials Incident Response"

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++

Brian Kaufman, MD

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Associate Professor of Medicine, Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery

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New York University School of Medicine

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Co-Director Critical Care

++

New York University Langone Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 67, "Local Anesthetics"

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Chapter 68, "Inhalational Anesthetics"

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++

William Kerns II, MD, FACEP, FACMT

++

Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

++

Carolinas Medical Center and Carolinas Poison Center

++

Charlotte, North Carolina

++

Antidotes in Depth: A17, "High-Dose Insulin Euglycemia"

++
++

Hong K. Kim, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Maryland School of Medicine

++

Attending Physician

++

Mercy Medical Center

++

Baltimore, Maryland

++

Chapter 105, "Camphor and Moth Repellents"

++
++

Mark A. Kirk, MD

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics

++

Department of Emergency Medicine

++

Division of Medical Toxicology

++

University of Virginia School of Medicine

++

Charlottesville, Virginia

++

Chapter 11, "Use of the Intensive Care Unit"

++

Chapter 126, "Cyanide and Hydrogen Sulfide"

++

Chapter 128, "Smoke Inhalation"

++
++

Barbara M. Kirrane, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Yale School of Medicine, Yale University

++

New Haven, Connecticut

++

Chapter 141, "Risk Management and Legal Principles"

++
++

Kurt C. Kleinschmidt, MD

++

Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

++

Section Chief and Program Director, Medical Toxicology

++

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

++

Dallas, Texas

++

Chapter 13, "Biochemical and Metabolic Principles"

++
++

Andrea M. Kondracke, MD

++

Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine and Psychiatry

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Division Chief, Department of Medical Psychiatry and Consult Liaison Psychiatry

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 27, "Psychiatric Principles"

++
++

Melisa W. Lai Becker, MD

++

Instructor, Emergency Medicine

++

Harvard Medical School

++

Chief, Emergency Medicine (Whidden Campus)

++

Director, Medical Toxicology

++

Cambridge Health Alliance

++

Cambridge, Massachusetts

++

Chapter 101, "Silver"

++
++

Jeff M. Lapoint, DO

++

Attending Physician in Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology

++

Southern California Permanente Medical Group

++

San Diego, California

++

Chapter 77, "Cannabinoids"

++
++

David C. Lee, MD

++

Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine

++

Hempstead, New York

++

Medical Director

++

Department of Emergency Medicine

++

North Shore University Hospital-Manhasset

++

Manhasset, New York

++

Chapter 74, "Sedative-Hypnotics"

++
++

Jesse Miller Lewin, MD

++

Fellow, Mohs Micrographic Surgery/Procedural Dermatology

++

The Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology

++

New York University Langone Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 18, "Dermatologic Principles"

++
++

Neal A. Lewin, MD, FACEP, FACMT, FACP

++

Druckenmiller Professor of Emergency Medicine and Professor of Medicine (Pharmacology)

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Director, Didactic Education

++

Emergency Medicine Residency

++

Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

++

Consultant, New York City Poison Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

++

Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

++

Chapter 18, "Dermatologic Principles"

++
++

Erica L. Liebelt, MD

++

Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine

++

University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine

++

Medical Director of Medical Safety

++

Children's Hospital of Alabama

++

Birmingham, Alabama

++

Chapter 71, "Cyclic Antidepressants"

++
++

Zhanna Livshits, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine

++

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

++

New York Presbyterian Hospital

++

Weill Cornell Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 92, "Cesium"

++
++

Heather Long, MD

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Albany Medical College

++

Director, Medical Toxicology

++

Albany Medical Center

++

Albany, New York

++

Chapter 84, "Inhalants"

++
++

Daniel M. Lugassy, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Attending Physician

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 39, "Salicylates"

++
++

Nima Majlesi, DO

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

SUNY Downstate Medical Center

++

Director of Medical Toxicology

++

Staten Island University Hospital

++

Staten Island, New York

++

Chapter 103, "Zinc"

++
++

Alex F. Manini, MD, MS, FACMT

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

++

Attending Physician and Medical Toxicologist

++

Elmhurst Hospital Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 73, "Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors"

++

Chapter 138, "Principles of Epidemiology and Research Design"

++
++

Jeanna M. Marraffa, PharmD, DABAT

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medicine

++

Section of Clinical Pharmacology

++

Upstate Medical University

++

Assistant Clinical Director, Clinical Toxicologist

++

Upstate New York Poison Center

++

Syracuse, New York

++

Chapter 42, "Dieting Xenobiotics and Regimens"

++
++

Charles A. McKay Jr, MD

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Connecticut School of Medicine

++

Medical Director, Occupational Health Services

++

Section Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology, Department of Emergency Medicine

++

Hartford Hospital

++

Hartford, Connecticut

++

Chapter 130, "Risk Assessment and Risk Communication"

++
++

Maria Mercurio-Zappala, RPh, MS

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Associate Director

++

New York City Poison Control Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 102, "Thallium"

++
++

Robert A. Middleberg, PhD, DABFT, DABCC-TC

++

Laboratory Director

++

Vice President, Quality Assurance

++

NMS Labs

++

Willow Grove, Pennsylvania

++

Chapter 7, "Medicolegal Interpretive Toxicology"

++
++

Kirk C. Mills, MD, FACMT

++

Medical Toxicologist

++

Emergency Physician

++

Detroit Medical Center

++

Detroit, Michigan

++

Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

++
++

Stephen W. Munday, MD, MPH, MS

++

Voluntary Clinical Assistant Professor

++

University of California, San Diego

++

San Diego Division of CPCS

++

Medical Toxicologist and Chief of Environmental Medicine

++

Sharp Rees Stealy Medical Group

++

San Diego, California

++

Chapter 89, "Arsenic"

++
++

Lewis S. Nelson, MD, FAACT, FACEP, FACMT

++

Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Vice-Chair for Academic Affairs

++

Department of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

++

Director, Fellowship in Medical Toxicology

++

New York City Poison Center and New York University School of Medicine

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

++

Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

++

Chapter 12, "Chemical Principles"

++

Chapter 18, "Dermatologic Principles"

++

Chapter 38, "Opioids"

++

Chapter 64, "Antidysrhythmics"

++

Chapter 81, "Ethanol Withdrawal"

++

Chapter 95, "Copper"

++

Chapter 121, "Plants"

++

Chapter 124, "Simple Asphyxiants and Pulmonary Irritants"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A4, "Opioid Antagonists"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A23, "Benzodiazepines"

++

Special Considerations: SC1, "Transdermal Toxicology"

++

Special Considerations: SC5, "Internal Concealment of Xenobiotics"

++
++

Sean Patrick Nordt, MD, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT, FAAEM

++

Assistant Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine

++

Keck School of Medicine,

++

University of Southern California

++

Director, Section of Toxicology

++

Attending Physician

++

Los Angeles County Hospital, University of Southern California Medical Center

++

Los Angeles, California

++

Chapter 55, "Pharmaceutical Additives"

++
++

Ayrn D. O'Connor, MD

++

Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Department of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

++

Associate Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

++

Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

++

Phoenix, Arizona

++

Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

++
++

Oladapo A. Odujebe, MD, MT-ASCP, FACEP, FAAEM

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Emory University

++

Medical Toxicologist

++

Georgia Poison Control Center

++

Atlanta, Georgia

++

Chapter 124, "Asphyxiants and Pulmonary Irritants"

++
++

Ruben E. Olmedo, MD

++

Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

++

Director, Division of Toxicology

++

Mount Sinai Hospital

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 86, "Phencyclidine and Ketamine"

++
++

Dean G. Olsen, DO

++

Assistant Professor of Toxicology

++

New York College of Osteopathic Medicine

++

Consultant, New York City Poison Control Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 38, "Opioids"

++
++

Kevin C. Osterhoudt, MD, MS

++

Professor of Pediatrics

++

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

++

Medical Director, The Poison Control Center

++

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

++

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

++

Chapter 138, "Principles of Epidemiology and Research Design"

++
++

Robert B. Palmer, PhD, DABAT, FAACT

++

Assistant Clinical Professor of Surgery

++

Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology

++

University of Colorado School of Medicine

++

Attending Clinical Toxicologist

++

Rocky Mountain Poison & Drug Center

++

Special Considerations: SC6, "Assessment of Ethanol-Induced Impairment"

++
++

Jeanmarie Perrone, MD, FACMT

++

Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

++

Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

++

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

++

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

++

Chapter 46, "Iron"

++
++

Anthony F. Pizon, MD

++

Associate Professor

++

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

++

Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology

++

Department of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

++

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

++

Chapter 122, "Native (US) Venomous Snakes and Lizards"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A37, "Antivenom: Snakes (Native [US] Venomous [Crotaline and Elapid])"

++
++

Dennis P. Price, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

New York, New York

++

Attending Physician

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

++

Chapter 127, "Methemoglobin Inducers"

++
++

Jane M. Prosser, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine

++

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

++

Attending Physician and Toxicology Consultant

++

New York Presbyterian Hospital

++

Weill Cornell Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 78, "Cocaine"

++

Special Considerations: SC5, "Internal Concealment of Xenobiotics"

++
++

Petrie M. Rainey, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Laboratory Medicine

++

University of Washington School of Medicine

++

Director, Laboratory Medicine Residency

++

University of Washington Medicine

++

Seattle, Washington

++

Chapter 6, "Laboratory Principles"

++
++

Rama B. Rao, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine

++

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

++

Director, Medical Toxicology

++

Weill Cornell Medical Center

++

New York Presbyterian Hospital

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 24, "Neurologic Principles"

++

Chapter 34, "Postmortem Toxicology"

++

Chapter 90, "Bismuth"

++

Special Considerations: SC2, "Organ Procurement from Poisoned Patients"

++

Special Considerations: SC3, "Intrathecal Administration of Xenobiotics"

++
++

Joseph G. Rella, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine

++

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

++

Attending Physician

++

Weill Cornell Medical Center

++

New York Presbyterian Hospital

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 134, "Radiation"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A43, "Potassium Iodide"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A44, "Pentetic Acid or Pentetate (Zinc or Calcium) Trisodium (DTPA)"

++
++

Darren M. Roberts, MBBS, PhD, FRACP

++

Honorary Senior Fellow

++

Burns, Trauma and Critical Care Research Centre

++

School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences

++

University of Queensland, Australia

++

Clinical Research Fellow

++

Renal Medicine, Addenbrooke's Hospital

++

Cambridge, United Kingdom

++

Chapter 112, "Herbicides"

++
++

Anne-Michelle Ruha, MD

++

Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

++

Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

++

Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

++

Phoenix, Arizona

++

Chapter 122, "Native (US) Venomous Snakes and Lizards"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A37, "Antivenom: Snakes (Native [US] Venomous [Crotaline and Elapid])"

++
++

Joshua G. Schier, MD, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Section of Medical Toxicology

++

Emory University School of Medicine

++

Lead, Environmental Toxicology Team, National Center for Environmental Health

++

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

++

Medical Toxicology Attending Physician

++

Grady Health Systems

++

Georgia Poison Center

++

Atlanta, Georgia

++

Chapter 36, "Colchicine, Podophyllin, and the Vinca Alkaloids"

++

Special Considerations: SC7, "Diethylene Glycol"

++
++

David R. Schwartz, MD

++

Associate Professor of Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary/Critical Care

++

Section Chief, Critical Care Medicine

++

New York University Langone Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 67, "Local Anesthetics"

++
++

David T. Schwartz, MD

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Attending Physician

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 5, "Diagnostic Imaging"

++
++

Lauren Schwartz, MPH

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Director, Public Education

++

New York City Poison Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 135, "Poison Prevention and Education"

++
++

Shahin Shadnia, MD, PhD, FACMT

++

Associate Professor of Clinical Toxicology

++

Vice Chancellor of Clinical Toxicology

++

Clinical Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine

++

Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

++

Chairman, Intensive Care Unit and Drug and Poison Information Center

++

Clinical Toxicology Department

++

Loghman Hakim Hospital Poison Center,

++

Tehran, Iran

++

Chapter 111, "Fumigants"

++
++

Adhi Sharma, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Mount Sinai School of Medicine

++

Chairman, Emergency Medicine

++

Good Samaritan Hospital Medical Center

++

West Islip, New York

++

Chapter 25, "Ophthalmic Principles"

++
++

Lauren Kornreich Shawn, MD

++

Fellow in Medical Toxicology

++

Division of Medical Toxicology

++

Department of Emergency Medicine

++

New York City Poison Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 43, "Essential Oils"

++
++

Farshad "Mazda" Shirazi, MS, MD, PhD

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine, Toxicology and Pharmacology

++

University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

++

University of Arizona College of Pharmacy

++

Medical Director, University of Arizona Health Network

++

Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center

++

Tucson, Arizona

++

Special Considerations: SC8, "Exotic (Nonnative) Snake Envenomations"

++
++

Marco L. A. Sivilotti, MD, MSc

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences

++

Queen's University

++

Kingston, Ontario Canada

++

Consultant, Ontario Poison Centre

++

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

++

Chapter 22, "Hematologic Principles"

++
++

Aaron B. Skolnik, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

++

Assistant Medical Director

++

Banner Good Samaritan Poison and Drug Information Center

++

Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

++

Phoenix, Arizona

++

Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

++
++

Silas W. Smith, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Chief of Safety and Quality

++

Department of Emergency Medicine

++

Associate Director of Medical Toxicology Fellowship Program

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

New York City Poison Control Center

++

Attending Physician

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York

++

University Langone Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 129, "Nanotoxicology"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A1, "Activated Charcoal"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A2, "Whole-Bowel Irrigation and Other Intestinal Evacuants"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A6, "Botulinum Antitoxin"

++

Antidotes in Depth: 11, "Glucarpidase (Carboxypeptidase G2)"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A13, "Octreotide"

++
++

Sari Soghoian, MD, MA

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

New York, New York

++

Lead Clinician, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

++

Department of Emergency Medicine

++

Accra, Ghana

++

Chapter 85, "Nicotine"

++

Chapter 97, "Manganese"

++

Chapter 137, "International Perspectives on Medical Toxicology"

++
++

Samuel J. Stellpflug, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Minnesota Medical School

++

Minneapolis, Minnesota

++

Attending Physician and Medical Toxicologist

++

Regions Hospital

++

Saint Paul, Minnesota

++

Antidotes in Depth: A17, "High-Dose Insulin Euglycemia"

++
++

Andrew Stolbach, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

++

Attending Physician

++

Johns Hopkins Hospital

++

Baltimore, Maryland

++

Chapter 29, "Respiratory Principles"

++
++

Christine M. Stork, BS, PharmD

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medicine

++

Section of Clinical Pharmacology

++

Upstate Medical University

++

Clinical Director

++

Upstate New York Poison Center

++

Syracuse, New York

++

Chapter 57, "Antibacterials, Antifungals, and Antivirals"

++

Chapter 75, "Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Atypical Antidepressants"

++
++

Mark Su, MD

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Attending Physician

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

++

Director, New York City Poison Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 60, "Antithrombotics"

++

Chapter 107, "Hydrofluoric Acid and Fluorides"

++
++

Jeffrey R. Suchard, MD

++

Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology

++

University of California, Irvine School of Medicine

++

Orange, California

++

Chapter 132, "Chemical Weapons"

++

Chapter 133, "Biological Weapons"

++
++

Young-Jin Sue, MD

++

Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics

++

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine

++

Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University

++

Attending Physician

++

Pediatric Emergency Services

++

Children's Hospital at Montefiore

++

Bronx, New York

++

Chapter 98, "Mercury"

++
++

Kenneth M. Sutin, MD, FCCM, FCCP

++

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology

++

Department of Anesthesiology

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Director, Post Anesthesia Care Unit

++

Bellevue Hospital Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 69, "Neuromuscular Blockers"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A21, "Dantrolene Sodium"

++
++

Asim F. Tarabar, MD, MS

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Yale University School of Medicine

++

Director, Medical Toxicology

++

Yale New Haven Hospital

++

New Haven, Connecticut

++

Chapter 88, "Antimony"

++
++

Stephen R. Thom, MD, PhD

++

Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

++

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

++

Antidotes in Depth: A38, "Hyperbaric Oxygen"

++
++

Christian Tomaszewski, MD, MS, MBA

++

Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine

++

University of California San Diego Health System

++

Medical Director, Emergency Department

++

University of California, San Diego

++

San Diego, California

++

Chapter 125, "Carbon Monoxide"

++
++

Stephen J. Traub, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Medicine

++

Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine

++

Mayo Clinic Arizona

++

Scottsdale, Arizona

++

Chapter 12, "Chemical Principles"

++

Chapter 91, "Cadmium"

++
++

Michael G. Tunik, MD

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Attending Physician

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 44, "Food Poisoning"

++
++

Susi U. Vassallo, MD

++

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Attending Physician

++

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York

++

University Langone Medical Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 30, "Thermoregulatory Principles"

++

Chapter 40, "Athletic Performance Enhancers"

++
++

Larissa I. Velez, MD

++

Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

++

Program Director, Emergency Medicine

++

Residency

++

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

++

Staff Toxicologist, North Texas Poison Center

++

Dallas, Texas

++

Antidotes in Depth: A12, "Dextrose (D-Glucose)"

++
++

Lisa E. Vivero, PharmD

++

Drug Information Specialist

++

Irvine, California

++

Chapter 55, "Pharmaceutical Additives"

++
++

Peter H. Wald, MD, MPH

++

Adjunct Professor of Public Health

++

University of Texas School of Public Health

++

Houston, Texas

++

Vice President, Enterprise Medical Director

++

USAA

++

San Antonio, Texas

++

Chapter 123, "Industrial Poisoning: Information and Control"

++
++

Richard Y. Wang, DO

++

Senior Medical Officer

++

National Center for Environmental Health

++

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

++

Chamblee, Georgia

++

Chapter 50, "Chemotherapeutics Overview"

++

Chapter 51, "Chemotherapeutics: Methotrexate"

++

Chapter 52, "Miscellaneous Chemotherapeutics"

++

Special Considerations: SC4, "Extravasation of Chemotherapeutics"

++
++

Paul M. Wax, MD, FACMT

++

Professor, Division of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

++

Director, Medical Toxicology Clinic

++

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

++

Dallas, Texas

++

Executive Director

++

American College of Medical Toxicology

++

Phoenix, Arizona

++

Chapter 1, "Historical Principles and Perspectives"

++

Chapter 2, "Toxicologic Misfortunes and Catastrophes in History"

++

Chapter 104, "Antiseptics, Disinfectants, and Sterilants"

++

Antidotes in Depth: A5, "Sodium Bicarbonate"

++
++

Sage W. Wiener, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

SUNY Downstate Medical Center College of Medicine

++

Director of Medical Toxicology

++

SUNY Downstate Medical Center/Kings County Hospital

++

Brooklyn, New York

++

Chapter 109, "Toxic Alcohols"

++
++

Luke Yip, MD

++

Attending Medical Toxicologist

++

Denver Health Medical Center

++

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center

++

Department of Medicine

++

Section of Medical Toxicology

++

Denver, Colorado

++

Chapter 80, "Ethanol"

++
++

Erin A. Zerbo, MD

++

Clinical Instructor, Department of Psychiatry

++

New York University School of Medicine

++

Associate Director, Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry

++

Bellevue Hospital Center

++

New York, New York

++

Chapter 27, "Psychiatric Principles"

++
++

Matthew D. Zuckerman, MD

++

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

++

University of Massachusetts Medical School

++

University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

++

Worcester, Massachusetts

++

Chapter 20, "Gastrointestinal Principles"

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