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Contributors

Editors

David A. Farcy, MD, FAAEM, FACEP, FCCM
Medical Director of the Surgical Intensivist Program
Director of Emergency Department Critical Care
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Miami Beach, Florida

William C. Chiu, MD, FACS, FCCM
Associate Professor of Surgery
Director, Fellowship Programs in Surgical
Critical Care and Acute Care Surgery
R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Alex Flaxman, MD, MSE
Director, Emergency Medicine Critical Care
Emergency and Critical Care Attending
St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center
Paterson, New Jersey
Attending Intensivist
Pittsburgh Critical Care Associates, Inc
Staff Intensivist
Upper Allegheny Health System
Olean, New York

John P. Marshall, MD, FACEP
Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
Maimonides Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York

Contributors

Imoigele P. Aisiku, MD
Associate Professor Departments of Neurosurgery and Emergency Medicine
University of Texas Medical School, Houston
Houston, Texas
Acute Respiratory Failure
Management of Acute Intracranial Hypertension

Dorothea Altschul, MD
Co-Director Department of Neuroscience
Department of Neuroscience
St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center
Paterson, New Jersey
Traumatic Brain Injury and Spinal Cord Injury

Alex M. Barrocas, MD
Director of Interventional Neuroradiology/Endovascular Neurosurgery
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Miami Beach, Florida
Stroke
Intracranial Hemorrhage

Selwena Brewster, MD
Attending
Internal Medicine, Emergency Medicine
St Francis Hospital
Hartford, Connecticut
Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Triminh Bui, DO
Emergency Room Resident
Miami Beach, Florida
Severe Asthma and COPD

Colleen Casey, RD, CNSC, LDN
Senior Nutrition Specialist
Department of Clinical Nutrition
R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
University of Maryland Medical Center
Baltimore, Maryland
Nutritional Support in Critical Care

William C. Chiu, MD, FACS, FCCM
Associate Professor of Surgery
Director, Fellowship Programs in Surgical Critical Care and Acute Care Surgery
R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland
Vasopressors and Inotropes
Acid–Base Disorders
Electrolyte Disorders
Adrenal Insufficiency

Ari J. Ciment, MD, FCCP
Associate Professor
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Pulmonary and Critical Care
Miami Beach, Florida
Glucose Management in Critical Care

Carrie A. Cregar, MD
Clinical Instructor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio
Gastrointestinal Bleeding

David W. Crippen, MD, FCCM
Professor, Department of Critical Care Medicine
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Co-Director, Neurovascular ICU
Presbyterian University Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Alterations in Mental Status

Michael T. Dalley, DO, FAAEM
Associate Residency Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Miami Beach, Florida
Severe Asthma and COPD

Peter DeBlieux, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Department of Medicine, Sections of Emergency Medicine and Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
LSUHSC
New Orleans, Louisiana
Mechanical Ventilation

Eitan Dickman, MD, RDMS, FACEP
Vice Chair for Academics
Director, Division of Emergency Ultrasonography
Department of Emergency Medicine
Brooklyn, New York
Ultrasound-Guided Critical Care Procedures

Therese M. Duane, MD, FACS, FCCM
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
Division of Trauma/Critical Care
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia
Transfusion in Critical Care

Marie-Carmelle Elie-Turenne, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor
Emergency Medicine
Critical Care Medicine
Hospice, Palliative Care
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida
Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Jason A. Ellis, MD
Resident, Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York
Traumatic Brain Injury and Spinal Cord Injury

David A. Farcy, MD, FAAEM, FACEP, FCCM
Medical Director of the Surgical Intensivist Program
Director of Emergency Department Critical Care
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Miami Beach, Florida
The Failed Airway
Mechanical Ventilation
Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Membrane Oxygenation
Sepsis and Septic Shock
Classification of Shock

Falk Eike Flach, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida
Point-of-Care Echocardiography in the Emergency Department

Alex Flaxman, MD, MSE
Director, Emergency Medicine Critical Care
Emergency and Critical Care Attending
St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center
Paterson, New Jersey
Attending Intensivist
Pittsburgh Critical Care Associates, Inc
Staff Intensivist
Upper Allegheny Health System
Olean, New York
Weaning and Extubation
Acute Renal Failure and Renal Replacement Therapy

Jennifer A. Frontera, MD
Assistant Professor
Neurosurgery and Neurology
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York
Acute Liver Failure: How to Orchestrate Emergency Critical Care Interventions

David F. Gaieski, MD
Assistant Professor, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Clinical Director, Center for Resuscitation Science
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Therapeutic Hypothermia: History, Data, Translation, and Emergency Department Application

Megan L. Garcia, MD
Resident Physician, Department of Surgery
University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center
Albuqueruqe, New Mexico
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

David R. Gens, MD, FACS
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland
The Failed Airway
Deep Venous Thrombosis

Munish Goyal, MD, FACEP
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Georgetown University School of Medicine
Washington, District of Columbia
Therapeutic Hypothermia: History, Data, Translation, and Emergency Department Application

Lawrence E. Haines, MD, MPH, RDMS
Emergency Ultrasound Fellowship Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Maimonides Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York
Ultrasound-Guided Critical Care Procedures

Dan Hale, RRT, RPFT
Neo Natal Pediatric Specialist
Respiratory Specialist
Department of Pulmonary Diagnostics
University of New Mexico Hospital
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Percutaneous Tracheostomy for the Intensivist

Dennis Heard, DO
Emergency Medicine Resident
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Miami, Florida
Mechanical Ventilation

Alan C. Heffner, MD
Director, Medical ICU
Director of ECMO Services
Pulmonary and Critical Care Consultants
Department of Internal Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Carolinas Medical Center
Charlotte, North Carolina
Postcardiac Arrest Management
Fluid Management

Robert J. Hoffman, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York
Approach to Poisoning
The Critically Ill Poisoned Patient

Shyoko Honiden, MD, MSc
Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut
Hyperglycemic Emergency

Ashika Jain, MD
Critical Care Fellow
R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
University of Maryland Medical Center
Baltimore, Maryland
Ultrasound-Guided Critical Care Procedures

Timothy B. Jang, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
Emergency Medicine
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Torrance, California
Approach to the Difficult Airway

Kevin M. Jones, MD, MPH
Department of Emergency Medicine
Department of Surgery
Albany Medical College
Albany, New York
Acid–Base Disorders
Electrolyte Disorders

Manjari Joshi, MBBS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases
University of Maryland Medical Center
R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
Baltimore, Maryland
Principles of Antimicrobial Use in Critical Care

Thomas H. Kalb, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York
Acute Liver Failure: How to Orchestrate Emergency Critical Care Interventions

Julio R. Lairet, DO, FACEP
Assistant Professor of Military and Emergency Medicine
Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences
Air Force Surgeon General Consultant for Critical Care Air Transport
San Antonio, Texas
Transportation of the Critical Care Patient

Sangeeta Lamba, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine and Surgery
UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School
Newark, New Jersey
End-of-life Issues in Emergency Critical Care

Grace S. Lee, MD
Hospitalist Physician
Yale New Haven Hospital
New Haven, Connecticut
Hyperglycemic Emergency

Kiwon Lee, MD, FACP, FAHA
Assistant Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery
Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons
Department of Neurology
New York-Presbyterian/Columbia University
Medical Center
New York, New York
Traumatic Brain Injury and Spinal Cord Injury

Stephen J. Leech, MD
Ultrasound Director, Graduate Medical Education
Department of Emergency Medicine
Orlando Regional Medical Center
Orlando, Florida
Point-of-Care Echocardiography in the Emergency Department

Beth A. Longenecker, DO, FACOEP, FACEP
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
Nova Southeastern University
College of Osteopathic Medicine
Davie, Florida
Program Director Emergency Medicine Residency
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Miami Beach, Florida
Pulmonary Embolism
Stroke
Intracranial Hemorrhage

Evie G. Marcolini, MD
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care
Department of Emergency Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut
Adrenal Insufficiency

Jonathan L. Marinaro, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Percutaneous Tracheostomy for the Intensivist

John P. Marshall, MD, FACEP
Chair
Department of Emergency Medicine
Maimonides Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Vasopressors and Inotropes

Julie A. Mayglothling, MD, FACEP
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma/Critical Care
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia
Transfusion in Critical Care

Michael T. McCurdy, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland
Nosocomial and Health Care-Associated Pneumonia

Rajeev P. Misra, DO, MS
General Surgery Resident
Department of Surgery
University of New Mexico Hospital
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Percutaneous Tracheostomy for the Intensivist

Ira Nemeth, MD, FACEP
Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine, Section of Emergency Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas
Transportation of the Critical Care Patient

H. Bryant Nguyen, MD, MS
Director, Emergency Critical Care
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine and Department of Medicine, Critical Care
Loma Linda University
Loma Linda, California
Hemodynamic and Perfusion Monitoring

L. Connor Nickels, MD, RDMS
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida
Point-of-Care Echocardiography in the Emergency Department

Tiffany M. Osborn, MD, MPH, FACEP
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
Surgical/Trauma Critical Care and Emergency Medicine
University of Washington
Barnes-Jewish Hospital
St. Louis, Mossouri
Classification of Shock

Anu Osinusi, MD, MPH
Fellow, Department of Infectious Diseases
University of Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland
Principles of Antimicrobial Use in Critical Care

Christopher M. Perry, MD
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
North Shore University Hospital
Manhasset, New York
Hypertensive Crises

Paul L. Petersen, MD, FAAEM
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
Mount Sinai Miami Beach
Miami, Florida
Mechanical Ventilation

Paola G. Pieri, MD, FACS
Associate Medical Director, Trauma Program
Maricopa Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona
Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Membrane Oxygenation

Seth R. Podolsky, MD, MS
Attending Physician
Department of Emergency Medicine
Maimonides Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York
Acetaminophen Overdose

Mohan Punja, MD
Resident, Department of Emergency Medicine
Beth Israel Medical Center
New York, New York
Approach to Poisoning

David Rabinowitz, MS
Medical Student
Osteopathic Medical Program
Nova Southeastern University
Davie, Florida
Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Membrane Oxygenation

Emanuel Rivers, MD, MPH
Vice Chairman and Research Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Attending Staff, Emergency Medicine and Surgical Critical Care
Henry Ford Hospital
Clinical Professor, Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan
Sepsis and Septic Shock

Matthew T. Robinson, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Missouri Hospitals and Clinics
Columbia, Missouri
Fluid Management

Amber Rollstin, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery and Emergency Medicine
Health Sciences Center to University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center
Department of Surgery
University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Vasopressors and Inotropes

Joseph Romero, DO
Internal Medicine Chief Resident
Osteopathic Internal Medicine
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Miami Beach, Florida
Glucose Management in Critical Care

Jonathan Rose, MD
Residency Program Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
Maimonides Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York
Acute Coronary Syndrome

Marnie E. Rosenthal, DO, MPH
Director, Infectious Disease Research
Jersey Shore University Medical Center
Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases
Neptune City, New Jersey
Clinical Assistant Professor
University of Medicine and Dentistry New Jersey
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
New Brunswick, New Jersey
Approach to Fever in Critical Care

Rayan A. Rouhizad, DO
Emergency Medicine Physician
Wellstar Kennestone Hospital
Marietta, Georgia
Pulmonary Embolism

Justin T. Sambol, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School
Newark, New Jersey
Management after Cardiac Surgery

Joseph R. Shiber, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care
University of Florida School of Medicine
Jacksonville, Florida
Pericardial Diseases
Infectious Endocarditis

Todd L. Slesinger, MD, FACEP, FCCM
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine
Manhasset, New York
Noninvasive Ventilation
Hypertensive Crises

LaMont C. Smith, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Management after Cardiac Surgery

Fernando L. Soto, MD
Associate Professor
Emergency Medicine Program
University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Pediatric Considerations

Deborah M. Stein, MD, MPH, FACS, FCCM
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland
Acute Renal Failure and Renal Replacement Therapy

Andrew Stolbach, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland
Salicylate Overdose

Isaac Tawil, MD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Surgery and Emergency Medicine
University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Nestor D. Tomycz, MD
Senior Neurosurgery Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Alterations in Mental Status

Amy Tortorich, DO
Physician, Emergency Medicine
Cheyenne Regional Medical Center
Cheyenne, Wyoming
Deep Venous Thrombosis

Claudio D. Tuda, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine, Infectious Disease Division
Program Director, Internal Medicine
Mount Sinai Medical Center
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami Beach, Florida
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)

Jason C. Wagner, MD, FACEP
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri
Approach to the Difficult Airway

Elizabeth Lea Walters, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Loma Linda University Medical Center
Loma Linda, California
Hemodynamic and Perfusion Monitoring

Scott D. Weingart, MD, FACEP
Director, Division of Emergency Critical Care
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York
The Emergency Department Intensivist

Samantha L. Wood, MD
Fellow
Departments of Emergency Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Critical Care
University of Maryland Medical Center
Baltimore, Maryland
Electrolyte Disorders

Brian J. Wright, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine
Manhasset, New York
Noninvasive Ventilation

John Yashou, DO
Attending Physician, Emergency Department
Memorial West Hospital
Pembroke Pines, Florida
Sepsis and Septic Shock

Dale J. Yeatts, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Attending, Surgical Critical Care
R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
Baltimore, Maryland
The Failed Airway

Asma Zakaria, MD
Assistant Professor
Division of Neurocritical Care
Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery
University of Texas, Health Science Center at Houston
Houston, Texas
Management of Acute Intracranial Hypertension

(Shawn) Xun Zhong, MD
Director of ED-Critical Care
Department of Emergency Medicine
Nassau University Medical Center
East Meadow, New York
Salicylate Overdose

Qiuping Zhou, DO
Assistant Professor
Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine
Associate Program Director
Fellowship in Critical Care Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
North Shore LIJ Health System
Manhasset, New York
Hypertensive Crises

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