Skip to Main Content
Contributors

Chief Editors

Robert W. Strauss
Adjunct Professor, University of Cincinnati Department of Emergency Medicine
Associate Chair, The Christ Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio
Senior Vice-President and Chief Medical Officer, TeamHealth East
Woodbury, New Jersey
Director, ED Directors Academy
American College of Emergency Physicians
Dallas, Texas

Thom A. Mayer, MD, FACEP, FAAP
Chief Executive Officer, BestPractices, Inc.
Executive Vice President, EmCare
Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
George Washington University School of Medicine
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Senior Lecturing Fellow, Duke University School of Medicine
Medical Director, NFL Players Association
Medical Director, Studer Group
Fairfax, Virginia

Associate Editors

Kirk Jensen, MD, MBA, FACEP
Barbara Weintraub RN, MSN, MPH, APN,CEN, CPEN, FAEN

Assistant Editors

Jay Kaplan, MD, FACEP
Richard Salluzzo, MD, FACEP

Section Editors

Ronald A. Hellstern, MD, FACEP
John H. Proctor, MD, MBA, FACEP, FAAP
Kirk Jensen, MD, MBA, FACEP
Jody Crane, MD, MBA
Barbara Weintraub, RN, MSN, MPH, APN, CEN, CPEN, FAEN
Dan Hanfling, MD
Gregory A. Brown, MD
Diana S. Contino, RN, MBA, FAEN
James J. Augustine, MD, FACEP
Kevin M. Klauer, DO, EJD, FACEP
Jeff Solheim, MSN, RN-BC, CEN, CFRN, FAEN
Michael A. Granovsky, MD, CPC, FACEP
Edward R. Gaines, III, JD, CCP
Matthew M. Rice, MD, JD, FACEP
Robert A. Bitterman, MD, JD, FACEP
Stephen A. Colucciello, MD, FACEP
Kathleen J. Clem, MD
Dighton C. Packard, MD, FACEP

Contributors

Gallane Abraham, MD [27]
Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York, New York

Paul Allegretti, DO, FACOEP, FACOI [93]
Program Director and Clinical Professor, Emergency Medicine Residency
Midwestern University/Chicago College of Osteopathic Medicine
Chicago, Illinois

Knox Andress, RN, BA, AD, FAEN [49]
Designated Regional Coordinator, Louisiana Region 7 Hospital Preparedness
Assistant Director, Louisiana Poison Center
Department of Emergency Medicine
Louisiana State University Health—Shreveport
Shreveport, Louisiana

Louise B. Andrew, MD, JD, FACEP [97]
Chair, Personal and Professional Well-Being Committee, ACEP
Principal, MDMentor.com
Senior Member, Medical Legal Committee, ACEP
Port Angeles, Washington

Alison Atwater MS, PA-C [34]
Physician Assistant, Emergency Medicine
NorthShore University HealthSystems
Evanston, Illinois

James J. Augustine, MD, FACEP [25]
Director, Clinical Operations, EMP Canton, Ohio
Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Wright State University

Brooks Babcock, MBA [69]
Senior Vice President, PSR
Dallas, Texas

Ethan A. Bachrach, MD, MBI, FACEP [61]
Director, Special Projects Division
TeamHealth Patient Safety Organization
Knoxville, Tennessee
Department of Emergency Medicine
Kadlec Regional Medical Center
Richland, Washington

Ralph F. Baine, MD [21]
Senior Vice President, Operations, Emergency Medicine Consultants Ltd.
Fort Worth, Texas

Stephanie J. Baker, RN, BSN, MBA/HCM, CEN [29]
Emergency Services Division Leader
Senior ED Quality Leader,
Coach, Account Leader, Author and International Speaker
Studer Group
Gulf Breeze, Florida

Callie Barber, RN, BSN, CEN [72]
RN Supervisor, Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation
Ministry Door County Medical Center
Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin

Erik D. Barton, MD, MS, MBA [73]
Chief, Division of Emergency Medicine
Associate Professor (Tenured), Department of Surgery
University of Utah Health Care
Salt Lake City, Utah

Vikhyat S. Bebarta, MD, FACEP, FACMT [50]
Lt Col, USAF, MC
Chief, Medical Toxicology, Department of Emergency Medicine, San Antonio
Military Medical Center
Director, Air Force Enroute Care Research Center
US Army Institute of Surgical Research
San Antonio, Texas

Susan M. Bednar, RN, MSN, ANP, FNP [34]
Manager, NP/PA Emergency Services
NorthShore University HealthSystems
Evanston, Illinois

Kevin Beier, MD, FAAEM [75]
Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
Middle Tennessee Medical Center
Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Elijah Berg, MD, FACEP [82]
CEO, Logixhealth, Inc.
Bedford, Massachusetts

Jeffery Bettinger, MD [82]
Managing Member, BSA Healthcare, LLC
Pinecrest, Florida

Graham Billingham, MD, FACEP, FAAEM [94]
Chief Medical Officer,
Princeton Insurance Company and Medical Protective Ins. Co.
Princeton, New Jersey
Chair Emeritus, Emergency Medicine Patient Safety Foundation
Folsom, California
Founder, The Center for Emergency Medicine Education
New York, New York

Robert A. Bitterman, MD, JD, FACEP [89]
President, Bitterman Health Law Consulting Group, Inc.
Harbor Springs, Michigan

Thomas Blackwell, MD, FACEP [55]
Clinical Professor, Emergency Medicine
University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville
Greenville Health System
Greenville, South Carolina

Stephen Bohan [36]
Harvard Medical School
Department of Emergency Medicine
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

Jean Brendel, RN, BSN, MS [104]
Director, Emergency Department
Adult, Pediatric, Trauma, and EMS Services
Northwest Community Hospital
Arlington Heights, Illinois

Gregory A. Brown, MD [57]
Chief Medical Informatics Officer, TeamHealth
Federal Way, Washington

John (“Jack”) C. Brown, MD, FACEP [60]
Chief Medical Information Officer
Baptist Memorial Health Care Corporation
Memphis, Tennessee

Peter C. Brown, MA [47]
Executive Director, Institute for Behavioral Healthcare Improvement
Castleton on Hudson, New York

Patrick H. Brunett, MD, FACEP [105]
Associate Dean, Graduate Medical Education
Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine
Portland, Oregon

Janet Carr, MBA [26]
Vice President, Client Services, TeamHealth
Nashville, Tennessee

Joan M. Casey, RN, BS, BSN, CEN [34]
Clinical Nurse Educator
Emergency Department
NorthShore University Health Systems
Evanston, Illinois

Robert J. Cates, MD, MS [10]
Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine
Inova Fairfax Hospital/Inova Fairfax Hospital for Children
Falls Church, Virginia

Kathleen J. Clem, MD [105]
Professor and Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
Loma Linda University School of Medicine
Loma Linda, California

Stephen A. Colucciello, MD, FACEP [37]
Chief, Emergency Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center
Professor, Emergency Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center-University
North Carolina Medical School Campus
Charlotte, North Carolina

Diana S. Contino, RN, MBA, FAEN [57]
Senior Manager, Deloitte Consulting LLP
Costa Mesa, California

Norma L. Cooney, MD, FACEP, UHM/ABEM [46]
Chair and Director, Department of Emergency Medicine
St. Joseph's Hospital
Syracuse, New York
Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
State University of New York
Syracuse, New York

Jody Crane, MD, MBA [30, 31, 38, 40]
Associate Medical Director, Mid-Atlantic Permanente Medical Group
Rockville, Maryland

Stephen Cumbie, MBA [5]
Immediate Past Chair
Inova Health System
Falls Church, Virginia
President and CEO
NV Commercial, Inc.
Co-Founder, NV Companies
Vienna, Virginia
Adjunct Professor
Kenan-Flagler School of Business
University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

James DelVecchio, MD, FACEP [53]
Medical Director, Department of Emergency Medicine
Chief Medical Informatics Officer and Medical Director, Clinical Informatics
Holy Cross Hospital
Silver Spring, Maryland

Christina Dempsey, MSN, MBA, CNOR, CENP [39, 40]
SVP, Chief Nursing Officer, Press Gamey Associates, Inc.
South Bend, Indiana

Joseph P. Dervay, MD, MPH, MMS, FACEP [46]
Flight Surgeon, Medical Operations Group
NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas
Clinical Instructor, Emergency Medicine
Department of Surgery
The University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas
Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health
The University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas

Stephen J. Dresnick, MD [87]

Glenn G. Druckenbrod, MD, FACEP [42, 43]
Medical Director, Inova Fairfax Hospital Emergency Department
Inova Fairfax Hospital
Falls Church, Virginia

Pamela L. Dyne, MD [105]
Professor of Clinical Medicine/Emergency Medicine
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Olive View-UCLA Department of Emergency Medicine
Sylmar, California

Caral Edelberg, CPC, CPMA, CAC, CCS-P, CHC [79]
President, Edelberg and Associates
Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Luis F. Eljaiek, Jr, MD, FACEP, FAAEM [56]
Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
Sentara Potomac Hospital
Woodbridge, Virginia
Chief Medical Officer and Operational Medical Director
Physicians Transport Service
Herndon, Virginia

James M. Ellis, Jr, MD, FACEP [52]
GHS Assistant Professor, Clinical Emergency Medicine
Department of Orthopedic Surgery
University of South Carolina School of Medicine
Faculty, Primary Care Sports Medicine Fellowship Program
Steadman Hawkins Clinic of the Carolinas
Greenville Health System, Greenville, SC
Director, Team Care, Medical Sports Group
Consultant to NFL for Super Bowl Medical Care
Assistant Team Physician, Atlanta Falcons

Sharon Esterquest, RN [7]
Emergency Department Clinical Educator
Northwest Community Hospital
Emergency Department
Arlington Heights, Illinois

Jeffrey L. Eye, RN, MSN [28]
Chief Nursing Officer
St. Luke's Northland Hospital

Jeff A. Finkelstein, MD, FACEP [62]
Chief, Emergency Medicine
Hartford Hospital and The Hospital of Central Connecticut
Hartford, Connecticut

Leslie M. Flament, RN, BSN, CEN [68]
Pediatric Quality Coordinator, Emergency Department
Advocate, Good Shepherd Hospital, Barrington, Illinois

Cynthia Flores, PA-C [20]
Director, PA/NP Operations
CEP America

Andi Foley, MSN, RN, CEN [102]
Clinical Nurse Specialist/Unit-Based Educator, Emergency Services
FHS St. Francis Hospital
Federal Way, Washington

Edward R. Gaines, III, JD, CCP [78, 83]
Chief Compliance Officer, Medical Management Professionals, Inc.
Compliance Department
Greensboro, North Carolina

Gus M. Garmel, MD, FACEP, FAAEM [8]
Clinical Professor (Affiliated), Surgery (Emergency Medicine)
Clerkship Director, Surgery 313D (Emergency Medicine)
Stanford University School of Medicine
Former Co-Program Director, Stanford/Kaiser EM Residency
Senior Emergency Physician, TPMG, Kaiser Santa Clara, California
Senior Editor, The Permanente Journal, Portland, Oregon
Consultant to Regional GME, Kaiser Northern CA, Oakland, California

J. Alexander Geesbreght, JD [21]
President, PhysAssist Scribes, Inc.
President, Emergency Medicine Consultants, Ltd.
Fort Worth, Texas

James E. George, MD, JD, FACEP [90]
President, Team Health East Division
Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
Inspira Health Network
Woodbury, New Jersey
Former President, NJACEP
Former Member, Board of Directors, ACEP
Former Director, Professional Liability Control
Medical Society of New Jersey

Louis Graff, MD, FACEP, FACP [36]
Associate Director, Emergency Medicine
Medical Director, Quality
The Hospital of Central Connecticut
New Britain, Connecticut
Professor, Traumatology and Emergency Medicine
Professor, Clinical Medicine
University of Connecticut School of Medicine
Farmington, Connecticut

Michael A. Granovsky, MD, CPC, FACEP
President, LogixHealth
Bedford, Massachusetts

Charles Grassie, MD, JD, FACEP [91]
Retired CEO, Emergency Physicians Medical Group
Emeritus Physician, St. Joseph Mercy Health System in Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Phillip F. Gruber, MD [63]
Chief Medical Information Officer, LAC+USC
Assistant Professor, Clinical Emergency Medicine
USC Keck School of Medicine
LAC+USC Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

Mary Kaye Halterman, BSN, RN, MSL [3, 8]
Independent Consultant/Contractor
Interim CNO, Elk Regional Health Care Center
St. Mary's, Pennsylvania

W. Mark Hamm, MBA [48]
Chief Executive Officer
EmCare Hospital Medicine
Dallas, Texas

Dan Hanfling, MD [49]
Special Advisor, Emergency Preparedness and Response Inova Health System Falls Church, Virginia
Clinical Professor, Emergency Medicine George Washington University Contributing Scholar
UPMC Center for Health Security Baltimore, MD
Adjunct Distinguished Senior Fellow, School of Public Policy George Mason University Arlington, Virginia

Mark Harris, MD, FACEP [30]
President, TeamHealth West and Northwest Divisions
Hospital Based Services
Teamhealth
Federal Way, Washington; Pleasanton, California; Glendale, California

Ronald A. Hellstern, MD, FACEP [3, 17, 19, 20, 51, 72]
Charter Faculty Member, ACEP ED Director's Academy
ACEP James D. Mills Award Recipient
Hospital-Based Practice Management & Leadership Development Consultant
Dallas, Texas

Gregory L. Henry, MD, FACEP [4, 95]
Clinical Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Michigan Medical School
Former President, The American College of Emergency Physicians
Risk Consultant, The Emergency Physicians Medical Group
Ann Arbor, Michigan

David A. Hnatow, MD, FACEP [47]
Greater San Antonio Emergency Physicians
Medical Director, Public Safety Unit
Center for Healthcare Services
San Antonio, Texas

Robert S. Hoffman, MD, FAACT, FACMT, FRCP Edin [44]
Professor, Emergency Medicine
Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology
New York University School of Medicine
New York, New York

Renee Holleran, FNP-BC, PhD, CEN, CCRN, CFRN, CTRN, FAEN [23]
Nurse Practitioner, Alta View Senior Clinic
Staff Nurse, Emergency Department Intermountain Medical Center
Salt Lake City, Utah

Michelle Hoppes RN, MS, DFASHRM [94]
Senior Vice President and National Director, Healthcare Risk Management and Patient Safety
Sedgwick Claims Management Services, Inc.
Grand Ledge, Michigan

John Howell, MD, FACEP [32, 42, 68]
Professor, Emergency Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth School of Medicine
Clinical Professor, Emergency Medicine
George Washington University
Professor, Emergency Medicine
Director, Academic Affairs and Medical Director
Inova Fairfax Hospital
Best Practices, Inc.
Falls Church, Virginia

Kenneth V. Iserson, MD, MBA, FACEP, FAAEM [24]
Fellow, International Federation of Emergency Medicine
Professor Emeritus, Emergency Medicine
The University of Arizona
Tucson, Arizona

Kirk Jensen, MD, MBA, FACEP [3, 7, 12, 29, 32, 34, 35, 39,40, 68]
Chief Medical Officer, BestPractices, Inc.
Executive Vice-President, EmCare, Inc.
Faculty Member, Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI)
National Speaker, The Studer Group
Urgent Matters Advisory Board
Raleigh, North Carolina

Jay Kaplan, MD, FACEP [6, 10, 13, 28, 29, 39, 67, 88]
Director, Service and Operational Excellence, CEP America
Medical Director, Studer Group
Member, ACEP Board of Directors

Mark B. Kauffman, BSN, MBA [30]
Director, Strategic Initiatives
Kaiser Permanente
South Sacramento, California

Christine Kelly, RN, MBA [6, 67]
VP, Clinical Services, North Division
EmCare, Inc.
Horsham, Pennsylvania

Marylou Killian, DNP, RN, FNP-bc, CEN [20]
Nurse Practitioner, Emergency Department
Saint Francis Hospital
Poughkeepsie, New York
Director, Emergency Nurses Association
Emergency Nurses Association
Des Plaines, Illinois

Kevin M. Klauer, DO, EJD, FACEP [99, 100]
Chief Medical Officer, Emergency Medicine Physicians, Ltd.
Medical Editor-in-Chief, ACEP News
Board Member, Emergency Medicine Physicians, Ltd.
Board Member, Physicians Specialty Limited Risk Retention Group
Assistant Clinical Professor, Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine
East Lansing, Michigan

Kathy Kopka, RN, MHSA [15]
Assistant Chief Nurse
Skyline Medical Center
HCA TriStar Division
Nashville, Tennessee

Terry Kowalenko, MD, FACEP [23]
Chair – Emergency Medicine
William Beaumont Hospital System
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Oakland University School of Medicine

Amy Krupa, RN, CEN [45]
Nurse Clinician, Pediatric Emergency Department
Advocate Children's Hospital, Oak Lawn
Oak Lawn, Illinois

Damon Kuehl, MD [47]
Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine Residency Program
Director, Carilion Clinic, Virginia Tech Carilion Emergency Medicine Residency Program
Vice Chair, Emergency Medicine, Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine
Roanoke, Virginia

Hollynn Larrabee, MD [105]
Assistant Dean, Graduate Medical Education/DIO
Director, Emergency Medicine Residency Program
Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
West Virginia University
Morgantown, West Virginia

Linda L. Lawrence, MD, FACEP, CPE [50]
Colonel, USAF, MC
Commander/CEO 31st Medical Group, Aviano Air Base, Italy
Associate Professor, Department of Military and Emergency Medicine
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Former President and Chairman, Board of Directors, American College of Emergency Physicians

Alan Lo, MD, FACEP [32]
Medical Director
Sentara Northern Virginia Medical Center
Woodbridge, Virginia

Paris B. Lovett, MD, MBA
Medical Director, Department of Emergency Medicine
Co-Medical Director, Patient Flow Management Center
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

John Maguire, MD [51]
Chair, Emergency Services
Sentara Northern Virginia
Best Practices/EmCare, Inc.
Woodbridge, Virginia

Bonnie Mahon, BSN, MSM [53]
Senior Director, Senior Services
Holy Cross Hospital
Silver Spring, Maryland

Kirk D. Mahon, MD, FAAEM [51]
Medical Director
Legacy ER
Frisco, Texas
Founding Board Member
Texas Independent ER Association
Physician and Business Consultant/Owner
Austin, Texas

Sujal Mandavia, MD, FRCP(C), FACEP [63]
Senior Vice-President, TeamHealth, West Division
Clinical Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Keck School of Medicine of USC
Los Angeles, California

Ricardo Martinez, MD, FACEP [101]
Chief Medical Officer, North Highland Worldwide Consulting
Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Emory University, School of Medicine
Attending Physician, Grady Memorial Hospital
Atlanta, Georgia

Rex Mathew, MD, FACEP [76]
Medical Director, Department of Emergency Medicine
Carroll Hospital Center
Westminster, Maryland

Thom A. Mayer, MD, FACEP, FAAP [1, 2, 5, 6, 10-12, 14, 29, 32, 34, 38, 40, 43, 45, 46, 48, 51, 55, 56, 67, 68, 73]
Chief Executive Officer, BestPractices, Inc.
Executive Vice President, EmCare
Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
George Washington University School of Medicine
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Senior Lecturing Fellow, Duke University School of Medicine
Medical Director, NFL Players Association
Medical Director, Studer Group
Fairfax, Virginia

Setu Mazumdar, MD [70]
President, Lotus Wealth Solutions
Douglasville, Georgia

James McClay, MS, MD, FACEP [58]
Director, Emergency Informatics Program and Fellowship
Chair, Biomedical Informatics Graduate Program
Associate Professor, Emergency Medicine
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

David A. McKenzie, BS, CAE [77]
Reimbursement Director, American College of Emergency Physicians
Irving, Texas

Angela M. Mills, MD [105]
Associate Professor, Emergency Medicine
Medical Director, Department of Emergency Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Bonnie Mobley, RN, CEN [45]
Program Manager, kidSTAR Medical Education Program
Department of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Nicholas M. Mohr, MD [105]
Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Department of Anesthesia, Division of Critical Care
University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Iowa City, Iowa

William Montei, CPA [96]
Bill Montei LLC
Madison, Wisconsin

Ryan P. Morrissey, MD [44]
Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine
Scott & White Clinic
Medical Director, Central Texas Poison Center
Temple, Texas

Steven Myles, RN [63]
Vice President, TeamHealth, West
Glendale, California

Fred Neis, RN, MS, FACHE, FAEN, CEN [73]
Executive Partner, The Advisory Board Company
Washington, DC

Roseanne C. Niese, RN, BSN, MBA, NE-BC [72]
Director of Emergency, Trauma and Medical Surgical Services
Advocate Good Shepherd Hospital
ENA Lantern Award recipient multiple year
Best Nursing Team Award from ‘Advance for Nursing’ Magazine
Barrington, Illinois

Charles Noon, PhD [30]
Professor, Physician Executive MBA Program
Department of Statistics, Operations, and Management Science
College of Business Administration
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Principal/Co-Founder X32 Healthcare, LLC
Fredericksburg, Virginia

Diana Nordlund, DO, JD [91]
Adjunct Clinical Faculty, Emergency Medicine
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan

Marlaina Norris, MD, MBA [27]
Regional Director, Care Management
Elmhurst and Queens Hospital Centers
New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation
Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York, New York

J. Taylor Owens, MSN, RN, CEN, NE-BC FAEN [16, 99]
Director Emergency Services and EMS Operations
Franciscan St. Francis Health
Indianapolis, Indiana

Dighton C. Packard, MD, FACEP [104]
Chairman Department, Emergency Medicine
Baylor University Medical Center
Dallas, Texas

Christina Palombo, RN, BSN [22]
Senior Practice Management Consultant
MedAmerica/CEP America
Emeryville, California

Howard A. Peth, Jr, MD, JD, FACEP, FACP [92]
Attending Physician, Department of Emergency Medicine
St. Mary's Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri

Randy Pilgrim, MD, FACEP [101]
Chief Medical Officer, Schumacher Group
Former Chair, Emergency Department Practice Management Group (EDPMA)
Lafayette, Louisiana

John H. Proctor, MD, MBA, FACEP, FAAP [26]
President, TeamHealth, Midsouth Division
Brentwood, Tennessee

Susan B. Promes, MD, MBA, FACEP [105]
Professor, Emergency Medicine
Vice Chair, Education and Program Director
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, California

Ed Racht, MD, FACEP [55]
Chief Medical Officer
American Medical Response
Denver, Colorado

Frederick T. Randolph, MD [76]
Vice Chairman and Medical Director
Department, Emergency Medicine
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital/Methodist Hospital Division
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Mark Reiter, MD, MBA, FAAEM [75, 88]
CEO, Emergency Excellence
Vice President, American Academy of Emergency Medicine
Residency Director, University of Tennessee-Middle Tennessee

Matthew M. Rice, MD, JD, FACEP [90]
Consultant, Emergency Medicine and Risk Management
Faculty, Madigan Army Medical Center Emergency Medicine
Assistant Clinical Professor, University of Washington

Lynne D. Richardson, MD, FACEP [27]
Professor, Emergency Medicine
Professor, Health Evidence and Policy
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York, New York

Suzanne Rita, RN, MSN [103]
Behavioral Health Manager, HealthTeamWorks
Lakewood, Colorado

Alexander M. Rosenau, DO, FACEP, FACOEP, CPE
Senior Vice Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
Holder, Auxiliary of LVH Endowed Chair for Emergency Medicine
Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, Pennsylvania
Associate Professor, Department of Medicine
Morsani School of Medicine, University of South Florida
Tampa, Florida

Mark Rosenberg, DO, MBA [73]
Chairman, Emergency Medicine
Chief Palliative Medicine and Geriatric Emergency Medicine
St. Josephs Healthcare System
Paterson, New Jersey
Assistant Professor, Clinical Emergency Medicine
New York Medical College
Valhalla, New York

Michael Ross, MD [36]
Medical Director, Observation Medicine and Chest Pain Center
Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

Jonathan Rothman, MBA [62]
Founder and CTO, Emergency Medicine Business Intelligence
Parsippany, New Jersey

Jason B. Ruben, MD [21]
Director, Scribe Program, CEP America
Emeryville, California

William F. Rutherford, MD [16]
Medical Director, Emergency Department
University Hospital, Indiana University Health
Indianapolis, Indiana

Richard Salluzzo, MD, FACEP [5]
Former President NY ACEP
Former Chair Emergency Medicine, Albany Medical Center
Albany, New York
Former CEO, Cape Cod Healthcare System
Hyannis, Massachusetts

Fiona Sear, MHA [33]
Director, Data Analysis & Program Development MedAmerica
Emeryville, California

Sandra Schneider, MD [41]
Director, Research
North Shore University Hospital
Department of Emergency Medicine
Manhasset, New York

Michael Sequeira, MD [33]
Regional Director
CEP America
Emeryville, California

Candace E. Shaeffer, RN, MBA, RHIA [81]
Compliance Officer, LYNX Business Unit
OptumInsight
Bellevue, Washington

Paul A. Silka, MD [59]
Chief Medical Information Officer, Cedars-Sinai Health System
Attending Physician, Emergency Department, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Associate Clinical Professor, Emergency Medicine
Keck School of Medicine
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California

David W. Singley, Jr, MHA [86]
Chief Executive Officer. PSR, LLC
Dallas, Texas

Rebecca Smith-Coggins, MD [104, 105]
Associate Dean, Medical Student Life Advising
Department of Surgery/Emergency Medicine
Stanford University
Stanford, California

Susan Spivock Smith, PhD, CRNP [53]
Geriatric Nurse Practitioner, Holy Cross Hospital
Silver Spring, Maryland

Jeff Solheim, MSN, RN-BC, CEN, CFRN, FAEN [74]
President, Solheim Enterprises
Founder/Executive Director, Project Helping Hands
Keizer, Oregon

Richard L. Stennes, MD, MBA, FACEP [54]
President, Associated Emergency Physicians Medical Group, APC
Former President, ACEP
Former Chair, ACEP Cruise Ship and Maritime Medicine Section
La Jolla, California

Michael Stern, MD, FACEP [53]
Co-Director, Geriatric Medicine Fellowship
Assistant Professor, New York Presbyterian Hospital
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York

Joel A. Stettner, MD, FACEP [88]
Board of Directors, CEP America, California
Emergency Department, Alameda Hospital
Alameda, California

Suzanne Stone-Griffith RN, MSN, CNAA [15, 38]
Vice President, Emergency Services, EMS and Trauma
HCA-HealthONE and Continental Division
Denver, Colorado

Cary J. Stratford PA-C DFAAPA [20]
President Emergency Services of New England Inc.
Springfield Hospital Emergency Department
Springfield, Vermont

Robert W. Strauss, MD, FACEP [2, 5, 7, 8-14, 16, 19, 20, 28, 32, 34, 35, 37, 38, 40, 48, 65-67, 73, 84-88]
Adjunct Professor, University of Cincinnati Department of Emergency Medicine
Associate Chair, The Christ Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio
Senior Vice-President and Chief Medical Officer, TeamHealth East
Woodbury, New Jersey
Director, ED Directors Academy
American College of Emergency Physicians
Dallas, Texas

Tiffiny Strever BSN, RN, CEN [13]
Lt Col, USAF, NC
Deputy Chief Nurse, Medical Group
Arizona Air National Guard
Trauma Program Manager
Maricopa Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

Jeff Strickler, RN, MA, CEN [25]
Director, Emergency Services
University of North Carolina Hospitals
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Sally Sulfaro, BSN, MSEdPH, RN, NEA-BC [18, 19, 31]
Principal, EpisodiCare Consulting, PLLC
Fairview, Michigan

William P. Sullivan, DO, JD, FACEP [93, 98]
Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois
Clinical Instructor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Midwestern University, Downers Grove, Illinois
Department of Emergency Medicine
St. Margaret's Hospital, Spring Valley, Illinois
Attorney at Law
Frankfort, Illinois

John Sverha, MD [71]
Director, Clinical Operations
Emergency Department
Virginia Hospital Center
Arlington, Virginia

Theresa Tavernero, RN, CEN, MBA, MHA [12, 27, 35]
Senior Vice President, Client Services
Operational Performance Consultant
TeamHealth
Federal Way, Washington

Prentice A. Tom, MD [33]
Chief Medical Officer, CEP America
Emeryville, California

Jeremy D. Tucker, DO, FACOEP [20]
Regional Medical Director
Partner, Medical Emergency Professionals, LLC
Germantown, Maryland
Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine
Medstar St. Mary's Hospital
Leonardtown, Maryland

Pam Turner, RN, MBA/HCM, FACHE [15]
ED Service Line Administrator
HCA
Houston, Texas

Joseph Twanmoh, MD, MBA, FACEP [35]
Director, Health Systems Innovation
Emcare North Division
Horsham, Pennsylvania
Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Peter Viccellio, MD, FACEP [41]
Vice Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine
Professor, Emergency Medicine
Clinical Director and Associate Chief Medical Officer, Health Sciences Center
SUNY at Stony Brook
Stony Brook, New York

Craig A. Walls, MD, PhD, FACEP [22]
Emergency Department Medical Director and Vice-Chief of Staff
Natividad Medical Center
Salinas, California
Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, California

Bradford L. Walters, MD, FACEP [23]
Assistant Residency Director Beaumont Health Systems Emergency Medicine Residency
Associate Professor, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine
William Beaumont Hospital Department of Emergency Medicine
Royal Oak, Michigan

Lisa Moreno-Walton, MD, MS MSCR, FACEP, FAAEM [105]
Associate Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine
Director of Research–Emergency Medicine
Director of Diversity–Emergency Medicine
Assistant Professor of Research Genetics
Assistant Professor of Medicine–Research
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
New Orleans, Louisiana
Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery–Tulane University School of Medicine
New Orleans, Louisiana

Barbara Weintraub, RN, MSN, MPH, APN, CEN, CPEN, FAEN [37]
Interim Manager, Emergency Department
Presence Our Lady of the Resurrection Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

Angela M. Westergard, RN, MSN, MBA, CEN [43]
Manager, Emergency Services
University of Arizona Medical Center–University Campus
Tucson, Arizona

Dennis C. Whitehead, MD, FACEP [104]
Medical Director, Upper Peninsula Emergency Medical Services Corporation
Marquette, Michigan
Medical Consultant, Integrated First Response, Great Lakes
Iron Mountain, Michigan

Jeannette Wolfe, MD, FACEP [106]
Associate Professor, Emergency Medicine
Tufts School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts

Teresa S. Wu, MD, FACEP [64]
Director, EM Ultrasound Program and Fellowship
Co-Director, Simulation Based Training Program and Fellowship
Associate Director, EM Residency Program
Maricopa Medical Center
Department of Emergency Medicine
Associate Clinical Professor, Emergency Medicine
Simulation Curriculum Director, University of Arizona, College of Medicine-Phoenix
Phoenix, Arizona

Frank Zilm, DArch, FAIA, FACHA [25]
President, Frank Zilm & Associates, Inc.
Kansas City, Missouri

Leslie S. Zun, MD, MBA, FAAEM, FACEP [85]
Professor and Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
Chicago Medical School
Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
Mount Sinai Hospital, Chicago, Illinois

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.