Symptoms of left-sided heart failure include dyspnea, facial flushing, and increased urine output.
Symptoms of right-sided heart failure include dyspnea on exertion and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.
The earliest finding of CHF on chest radiograph is cardiomegaly.
Left atrial myxoma is the most common tumor to cause heart failure.
5-year survival for patients with good management of their chronic CHF is approximately 75%.
Left-sided heart failure can present with symptoms related to impaired systemic perfusion (altered mental status or decreased urine output) or elevated pulmonary venous pressure (dyspnea, orthopnea, PND). Right-sided heart failure may cause edema of the gastro-intestinal tract resulting in nausea and vomiting. The earliest radiographic findings of CHF are cephalization and Kerley B lines. Hepatic edema may cause right upper quadrant pain. The 5-year survival in chronic CHF is 50%, with many deaths attributable to arrhythmias.