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Judith C. Ahronheim, MD, MSJ

Clinical Professor of Medicine

New York Medical College

Valhalla, New York

Chapter 33, "Geriatric Principles"

Kavita M. Babu, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Fellowship Director

Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 82, "Hallucinogens"

Theodore C. Bania, MD, MS

Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Director of Toxicology and Research

St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center

New York, New York

Antidotes in Depth: A20, "Intravenous Fat Emulsion"

Fermin Barrueto Jr, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Maryland

Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine

Upper Chesapeake Health Systems

Baltimore, Maryland

Chapter 115, "Sodium Monofluoroacetate and Fluoroacetamide"

James David Barry, MD

Program Director, Emergency Medicine Residency

Naval Medical Center Portsmouth

Portsmouth, Virginia

Chapter 59, "Antimalarials"

Michael C. Beuhler, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Medical Director, Carolinas Poison Center

Charlotte, North Carolina

Chapter 116, "Phosphorus"

Steven B. Bird, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Residency Program Director and Vice Chair of Education

University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 93, "Chromium"

Kelly A. Green Boesen, PharmD, BCPS

Clinical Pharmacist

El Rio Community Health Center

Tucson, Arizona

Special Considerations: SC8, "Exotic (Nonnative) Snake Envenomations"

Keith Boesen, PharmD

Instructor

University of Arizona College of Pharmacy

Pharmacist, Managing Director

Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center

Tucson, Arizona

Special Considerations: SC8, "Exotic (Nonnative) Snake Envenomations"

George M. Bosse, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Louisville

Medical Director

Kentucky Regional Poison Center

Louisville, Kentucky

Chapter 53, "Antidiabetics and Hypoglycemics"

Nicole C. Bouchard, MD, FACMT, FRCPC

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons

Director of Medical Toxicology

Assistant Site Director

New York-Presbyterian Hospital

New York, New York

Chapter 56, "Thyroid and Antithyroid Medications"

Jeffrey R. Brubacher, MD, MSc, FRCPC

Assistant Professor

University of British Columbia

Emergency Physician

Vancouver General Hospital

Toxicology Consultant, British Columbia Drug and Poison Information Centre

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Chapter 62, "?-Adrenergic Antagonists"

D. Eric Brush, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Division of Toxicology

University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 119, "Marine Envenomations"

Michele M. Burns, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics

Harvard Medical School

Fellowship Director, Harvard Medical Toxicology Fellowship

Medical Director, Regional Center for Poison Control and Prevention

Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine

Boston Children's Hospital

Boston, Massachusetts

Chapter 101, "Silver"

Diane P. Calello, MD, FAAP, FACMT

Medical Toxicologist

New Jersey Poison Information and Education System

Rutgers University, New Jersey Medical School

Attending Physician

Morristown Medical Center Residency in Emergency Medicine

Chapter 96, "Lead"

Chapter 100, "Selenium"

Louis R. Cantilena, MD, PhD

Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology

Department of Medicine

Uniformed Services University

Bethesda, Maryland

Chapter 139, "Drug Development, Adverse Drug Events and Postmarketing Surveillance"

Jennifer Lee Carey, MD

Clinical Instructor of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Fellow in Medical Toxicology

University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 82, "Hallucinogens"

Gar Ming Chan, MD, FACEM

Specialist in Emergency Medicine

Launceston General Hospital

Tasmania, Australia

Chapter 94, "Cobalt"

Yiu-Cheung Chan, MD, MBBS, FRCS (Ed), FHKCEM, FHKAM

Associate Consultant, Director of Toxicology Training

Hong Kong Poison Information Centre

Hong Kong SAR, China

Chapter 117, "Strychnine"

Nathan P. Charlton, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Virginia School of Medicine

Charlottesville, Virginia

Chapter 128, "Smoke Inhalation"

Alan N. Charney, MD

Clinical Professor of Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

New York, New York

Chapter 19, "Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Principles"

Betty C. Chen, MD

Acting Instructor

University of Washington School of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine

Attending Physician

Harborview Medical Center

Seattle, Washington

Chapter 60, "Antithrombotics"

William K. Chiang, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 26, "Otolaryngologic Principles"

Jason Chu, MD

Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

Attending Physician

St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 21, "Genitourinary Principles"

Chapter 54, "Antimigraine Medications"

Richard J. Church, MD, FACEP

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Assistant Director, Emergency Medicine Residency Program

University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 20, "Gastrointestinal Principles"

Cathleen Clancy, MD, FACMT

Associate Professor

Department of Emergency Medicine

George Washington University Medical Center

Associate Medical Director

National Capital Poison Center

Washington, District of Columbia

Attending Emergency Medicine Physician

Bethesda Naval Emergency Department

Walter Reed National Military Medical Center

Bethesda, Maryland

Chapter 16, "Electrophysiologic and Electrocardiographic Principles"

Richard F. Clark, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of California, San Diego

Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

University of California San Diego Medical Center

San Diego, California

Antidotes in Depth: A34, "Antivenom: Spider"

Antidotes in Depth: A35, "Antivenom: Scorpion"

Steven C. Curry, MD

Professor of Medicine

University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

Center for Toxicology and Pharmacology Education and Research

University of Arizona

Director, Department of Medical Toxicology

Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

John A. Curtis Jr, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Drexel University College of Medicine

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cheshire Medical Center Dartmouth-Hitchcock Keene

Keene, New Hampshire

Chapter 99, "Nickel"

Michael A. Darracq, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of California, San Francisco Fresno Medical Education Program

Department of Emergency Medicine

Fresno, California

California Poison Control System

San Diego, California

Antidotes in Depth: A34, "Antivenom: Spider"

Antidotes in Depth: A35, "Antivenom: Scorpion"

Andrew Dawson, MBBS, FRACP

Clinical Professor of Medicine

University of Sydney

Sydney, Australia

Senior Staff Specialist

New South Wales Poisons Information Centre

Westmead, New South Wales, Australia

Chapter 110, "Barium"

Kathleen A. Delaney, MD

Clinical Professor, Division of Emergency Medicine

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Dallas, Texas

Chapter 13, "Biochemical and Metabolic Principles"

Chapter 23, "Hepatic Principles"

Chapter 30, "Thermoregulatory Principles"

Antidotes in Depth: A12, "Dextrose (D-Glucose)"

Francis Jerome DeRoos, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Residency Director

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 61, "Calcium Channel Blockers"

Chapter 63, "Miscellaneous Antihypertensives and Pharmacologically Related Agents"

Suzanne Doyon, MD, FACEP, FACMT

Adjunct Associate Professor

University of Maryland School of Pharmacy

Medical Director

Maryland Poison Center

Baltimore, Maryland

Chapter 48, "Antiepileptics"

Dainius A. Drukteinis, MD, JD, FACEP

Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of South Florida

Associate Medical Director

Tampa General Hospital

Tampa, Florida

Chapter 141, "Risk Management and Legal Principles"

Michael Eddleston, MD, PhD, MRCP

Professor of Clinical Toxicology

University of Edinburgh

Consultant in Clinical Toxicology

Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh

Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Chapter 113, "Insecticides: Organic Phosphorus Compounds and Carbamates"

Kyle B. Enfield, MD, MS

Assistant Professor of Medicine

University of Virginia School of Medicine

Medical Director Medical Intensive Care Unit

Assistant Hospital Epidemiologist

University of Virginia Health System

Charlottesville, Virginia

Chapter 11, "Use of the Intensive Care Unit"

Brenna M. Farmer, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

Attending Physician

New York Presbyterian Hospital

Weill Cornell Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 83, "g-Hydroxybutyric Acid"

Chapter 87, "Aluminum"

Chapter 140, "Medication Safety and Adverse Drug Events"

Jeffrey S. Fine, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 31, "Reproductive and Perinatal Principles"

Chapter 32, "Pediatric Principles"

Mark A. Flomenbaum, MD, PhD

Lecturer in Microbiology and Immunology

Harvard Medical School

Deputy Chief Medical Examiner

Office of Chief Medical Examiner, State of Maine

Boston, Massachusetts

Chapter 34, "Postmortem Toxicology"

Jessica A. Fulton, DO

Attending Physician

Grandview Hospital

Sellersville, Pennsylvania

Chapter 106, "Caustics"

Howard L. Geyer, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor of Neurology

Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University

Director, Division of Movement Disorders

Montefiore Medical Center

Bronx, New York

Chapter 41, "Botulism"

Antidotes in Depth: A6, "Botulinum Antitoxin"

Marc Ghannoum, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine

University of Montreal

Verdun Hospital

Montreal, Canada

Chapter 10, "Principles and Techniques Applied to Enhance Elimination"

Chapter 28, "Renal Principles"

Beth Y. Ginsburg, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Attending Physician

Elmhurst Hospital Center

Elmhurst, New York

Chapter 47, "Vitamins"

Jeffrey A. Gold, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine

Program Director, Pulmonary Critical Care

Associate Director, Adult Cystic Fibrosis Center

Oregon Health and Sciences University

Portland, Oregon

Chapter 81, "Ethanol Withdrawal"

David S. Goldfarb, MD, FACP

Professor of Medicine and Physiology

New York University School of Medicine

Chief, Nephrology

New York Harbor VA Healthcare System

Clinical Chief, Nephrology Division

New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 10, "Principles and Techniques Applied to Enhance Elimination"

Chapter 28, "Renal Principles"

Lewis R. Goldfrank, MD, FAACT, FAAEM, FACEP, FACMT, FACP

Herbert W. Adams Professor and Chair

Department of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Director, Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

Medical Director, New York City Poison Center

New York, New York

Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

Chapter 120, "Mushrooms"

Chapter 121, "Plants"

Sophie Gosselin, MD, CSPQ, FRCPC

Associate Professor

Department of Medicine

Faculty of Medicine, McGill University

McGill University Health Centre and Centre Antipoison du Québec

Montréal, Québec, Canada

Chapter 49, "Antihistamines and Decongestants"

Kimberlie A. Graeme, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Arizona, College of Medicine–Phoenix

Attending Toxicologist

Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

Attending Toxicologist, Phoenix Children's Hospital

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

Howard A. Greller, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Attending Physician

Division of Medical Toxicology

Department of Emergency Medicine

Mount Sinai Medical Center

Associate Director, Upper West Side Urgent Care Center

New York, New York

Chapter 72, "Lithium"

Anne-Bolette J. Gude, MD

Specialist, Clinical Pharmacology

Danish Medical Association

Danish Society of Clinical Pharmacology

Copenhagen, Denmark

Chapter 8, "Techniques Used to Prevent Gastrointestinal Absorption"

David D. Gummin, MD, FAACT, FACEP, FACMT

Professor, Medical College of Wisconsin

Section Chief, Medical Toxicology

Medical Director, Wisconsin Poison Center

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Chapter 108, "Hydrocarbons"

Amit K. Gupta, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Attending Physician

Staten Island University Hospital

Staten Island, New York

Chapter 79, "Disulfiram and Disulfiramlike Reactions"

Jason B. Hack, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Program Director, Medical Toxicology

Brown University, Warren Alpert Medical School

Rhode Island Hospital

Providence, Rhode Island

Chapter 65, "Cardioactive Steroids"

David A. Haggerty, MD, FAAEM

Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine

Good Samaritan Hospital

Lebanon, PA

Pinnacle Health System

Division of Medical Toxicology

Department of Internal Medicine

Harrisburg, PA

Chapter 99, "Nickel"

In-Hei Hahn, MD

Assistant Professor

University of Vermont Department of Surgery

Danbury Hospital Center, Department of Emergency Medicine

Danbury, Connecticut

Associate Attending, Emergency Medicine

St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 118, "Arthropods"

Richard J. Hamilton, MD

Professor and Chairman of Emergency Medicine

Drexel University College of Medicine

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 15, "Withdrawal Principles"

Robert G. Hendrickson, MD, FAACT, FACMT

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Oregon Health and Science University

Program Director, Fellowship in Medical Toxicology

Medical Director, Emergency Management

Associate Medical Director, Oregon Poison Center

Portland, Oregon

Chapter 35, "Acetaminophen"

Antidotes in Depth: A3, "N-Acetylcysteine"

Fred M. Henretig, MD

Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Director, Section of Clinical Toxicology

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 96, "Lead"

Christina H. Hernon, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 58, "Antituberculous Medications"

Robert A. Hessler, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center and Veterans Administration Medical

Center, Manhattan

New York, New York

Chapter 17, "Cardiologic Principles II: Hemodynamics"

Lotte C. G. Hoegberg, MS (Pharm), PhD

Pharmacist, Danish Poisons Information Centre

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine

Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg

Copenhagen, Denmark

Chapter 8, "Techniques Used to Prevent Gastrointestinal Absorption"

Robert J. Hoffman, MD, MS

Director, Clinical Toxicology

Sidra Medical and Research Center

Doha, Qatar

Chapter 66, "Methylxanthines and Selective β2-Adrenergic Agonists"

Robert S. Hoffman, MD, FAACT, FACMT, FRCP Edin, FEAPCCT

Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medicine Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

Consultant, New York City Poison Center

New York, New York

Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

Chapter 19, "Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Principles"

Chapter 29, "Respiratory Principles"

Chapter 78, "Cocaine"

Chapter 91, "Cadmium"

Chapter 102, "Thallium"

Chapter 136, "Poison Centers and Poison Epidemiology"

Antidotes in Depth: A23, "Benzodiazepines"

Antidotes in Depth: A24, "Thiamine Hydrochloride"

Antidotes in Depth: A28, "Prussian Blue"

Special Considerations: SC5, "Internal Concealment of Xenobiotics"

Michael G. Holland, MD

Associate Professor

Department of Emergency Medicine

SUNY Upstate Medical University

Consulting Medical Toxicologist

Upstate New York Poison Center

Syracuse, New York

Director of Occupational Medicine

Glens Falls Hospital Center for Occupational Health

Glens Falls, New York

Chapter 114, "Insecticides: Organic Chlorines, Pyrethrins/Pyrethroids, and Insect Repellents"

Christopher P. Holstege, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics

University of Virginia School of Medicine

Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology

Medical Director, Blue Ridge Poison Center

University of Virginia Health System

Charlottesville, Virginia

Chapter 126, "Cyanide and Hydrogen Sulfide"

William J. Holubek, MD, MPH

Associate Chairperson, Department of Emergency Medicine

Coney Island Hospital

Brooklyn, New York

Chapter 37, "Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs"

Mary Ann Howland, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT

Clinical Professor of Pharmacy

St. John's University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Adjunct Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

Senior Consultant in Residence

New York City Poison Center

New York, New York

Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

Chapter 9, "Pharmacokinetic and Toxicokinetic Principles"

Chapter 33, "Geriatric Principles"

Antidotes in Depth: A1, "Activated Charcoal"

Antidotes in Depth: A2, "Whole-Bowel Irrigation and Other Intestinal Evacuants"

Antidotes in Depth: A3, "N-Acetylcysteine"

Antidotes in Depth: A4, "Opioid Antagonists"

Antidotes in Depth: A7, "Deferoxamine"

Antidotes in Depth: A8, "L-Carnitine"

Antidotes in Depth: A9, "Physostigmine Salicylate"

Antidotes in Depth: A10, "Folates: Leucovorin (Folinic Acid) and Folic Acid"

Antidotes in Depth: A13, "Octreotide"

Antidotes in Depth: A14, "Pyridoxine"

Antidotes in Depth: A15, "Vitamin K1"

Antidotes in Depth: A16, "Protamine"

Antidotes in Depth: A18, "Glucagon"

Antidotes in Depth: A19, "Digoxin-Specific

Antibody Fragments"

Antidotes in Depth: A22, "Flumazenil"

Antidotes in Depth: A23, "Benzodiazepines"

Antidotes in Depth: A25, "Dimercaprol (British Anti-Lewisite or BAL)"

Antidotes in Depth: A26, "Succimer (2,3-Dimercaptosuccinic Acid)"

Antidotes in Depth: A27, "Edetate Calcium Disodium (CaNa2EDTA)"

Antidotes in Depth: A29, "Calcium"

Antidotes in Depth: A30, "Fomepizole"

Antidotes in Depth: A31, "Ethanol"

Antidotes in Depth: A32, "Atropine"

Antidotes in Depth: A33, "Pralidoxime"

Antidotes in Depth: A36, "Silibinin"

Antidotes in Depth: A39, "Sodium and Amyl Nitrite"

Antidotes in Depth: A40, "Sodium Thiosulfate"

Antidotes in Depth: A41, "Hydroxocobalamin"

Antidotes in Depth: A42, "Methylene Blue"

Oliver L. Hung, MD

Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

New York, New York

Chapter 45, "Herbal Preparations"

David H. Jang, MD, MSc

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Department of Emergency Medicine and Division of Medical Toxicology

New York University School of Medicine

New York, New York

Chapter 61, "Calcium Channel Blockers"

Chapter 76, "Amphetamines"

David N. Juurlink, BPharm, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAACT, FACMT

Associate Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Health Policy

Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto

Head, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto

Toxicologist, Ontario Poison Information Centre

Scientist, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Chapter 70, "Antipsychotics"

Bradley J. Kaufman, MD, MPH

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine

Hempstead, New York

Attending Physician

Department of Emergency Medicine

Long Island Jewish Medical Center

New Hyde Park, New York

First Deputy Medical Director

Fire Department of the City of New York

New York, New York

Chapter 131, "Hazardous Materials Incident Response"

Brian Kaufman, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine, Anesthesiology and Neurosurgery

New York University School of Medicine

Co-Director Critical Care

New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 67, "Local Anesthetics"

Chapter 68, "Inhalational Anesthetics"

William Kerns II, MD, FACEP, FACMT

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

Carolinas Medical Center and Carolinas Poison Center

Charlotte, North Carolina

Antidotes in Depth: A17, "High-Dose Insulin Euglycemia"

Hong K. Kim, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Mercy Medical Center

Baltimore, Maryland

Chapter 105, "Camphor and Moth Repellents"

Mark A. Kirk, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics

Department of Emergency Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Virginia School of Medicine

Charlottesville, Virginia

Chapter 11, "Use of the Intensive Care Unit"

Chapter 126, "Cyanide and Hydrogen Sulfide"

Chapter 128, "Smoke Inhalation"

Barbara M. Kirrane, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Yale School of Medicine, Yale University

New Haven, Connecticut

Chapter 141, "Risk Management and Legal Principles"

Kurt C. Kleinschmidt, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Section Chief and Program Director, Medical Toxicology

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Dallas, Texas

Chapter 13, "Biochemical and Metabolic Principles"

Andrea M. Kondracke, MD

Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine and Psychiatry

New York University School of Medicine

Division Chief, Department of Medical Psychiatry and Consult Liaison Psychiatry

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 27, "Psychiatric Principles"

Melisa W. Lai Becker, MD

Instructor, Emergency Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Chief, Emergency Medicine (Whidden Campus)

Director, Medical Toxicology

Cambridge Health Alliance

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Chapter 101, "Silver"

Jeff M. Lapoint, DO

Attending Physician in Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology

Southern California Permanente Medical Group

San Diego, California

Chapter 77, "Cannabinoids"

David C. Lee, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine

Hempstead, New York

Medical Director

Department of Emergency Medicine

North Shore University Hospital-Manhasset

Manhasset, New York

Chapter 74, "Sedative-Hypnotics"

Jesse Miller Lewin, MD

Fellow, Mohs Micrographic Surgery/Procedural Dermatology

The Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology

New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 18, "Dermatologic Principles"

Neal A. Lewin, MD, FACEP, FACMT, FACP

Druckenmiller Professor of Emergency Medicine and Professor of Medicine (Pharmacology)

New York University School of Medicine

Director, Didactic Education

Emergency Medicine Residency

Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

Consultant, New York City Poison Center

New York, New York

Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

Chapter 18, "Dermatologic Principles"

Erica L. Liebelt, MD

Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine

University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine

Medical Director of Medical Safety

Children's Hospital of Alabama

Birmingham, Alabama

Chapter 71, "Cyclic Antidepressants"

Zhanna Livshits, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

New York Presbyterian Hospital

Weill Cornell Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 92, "Cesium"

Heather Long, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Albany Medical College

Director, Medical Toxicology

Albany Medical Center

Albany, New York

Chapter 84, "Inhalants"

Daniel M. Lugassy, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 39, "Salicylates"

Nima Majlesi, DO

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Director of Medical Toxicology

Staten Island University Hospital

Staten Island, New York

Chapter 103, "Zinc"

Alex F. Manini, MD, MS, FACMT

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Attending Physician and Medical Toxicologist

Elmhurst Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 73, "Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors"

Chapter 138, "Principles of Epidemiology and Research Design"

Jeanna M. Marraffa, PharmD, DABAT

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medicine

Section of Clinical Pharmacology

Upstate Medical University

Assistant Clinical Director, Clinical Toxicologist

Upstate New York Poison Center

Syracuse, New York

Chapter 42, "Dieting Xenobiotics and Regimens"

Charles A. McKay Jr, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Medical Director, Occupational Health Services

Section Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology, Department of Emergency Medicine

Hartford Hospital

Hartford, Connecticut

Chapter 130, "Risk Assessment and Risk Communication"

Maria Mercurio-Zappala, RPh, MS

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Associate Director

New York City Poison Control Center

New York, New York

Chapter 102, "Thallium"

Robert A. Middleberg, PhD, DABFT, DABCC-TC

Laboratory Director

Vice President, Quality Assurance

NMS Labs

Willow Grove, Pennsylvania

Chapter 7, "Medicolegal Interpretive Toxicology"

Kirk C. Mills, MD, FACMT

Medical Toxicologist

Emergency Physician

Detroit Medical Center

Detroit, Michigan

Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

Stephen W. Munday, MD, MPH, MS

Voluntary Clinical Assistant Professor

University of California, San Diego

San Diego Division of CPCS

Medical Toxicologist and Chief of Environmental Medicine

Sharp Rees Stealy Medical Group

San Diego, California

Chapter 89, "Arsenic"

Lewis S. Nelson, MD, FAACT, FACEP, FACMT

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Vice-Chair for Academic Affairs

Department of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

Director, Fellowship in Medical Toxicology

New York City Poison Center and New York University School of Medicine

New York, New York

Chapter 3, "Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes"

Chapter 4, "Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient"

Chapter 12, "Chemical Principles"

Chapter 18, "Dermatologic Principles"

Chapter 38, "Opioids"

Chapter 64, "Antidysrhythmics"

Chapter 81, "Ethanol Withdrawal"

Chapter 95, "Copper"

Chapter 121, "Plants"

Chapter 124, "Simple Asphyxiants and Pulmonary Irritants"

Antidotes in Depth: A4, "Opioid Antagonists"

Antidotes in Depth: A23, "Benzodiazepines"

Special Considerations: SC1, "Transdermal Toxicology"

Special Considerations: SC5, "Internal Concealment of Xenobiotics"

Sean Patrick Nordt, MD, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT, FAAEM

Assistant Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine

Keck School of Medicine,

University of Southern California

Director, Section of Toxicology

Attending Physician

Los Angeles County Hospital, University of Southern California Medical Center

Los Angeles, California

Chapter 55, "Pharmaceutical Additives"

Ayrn D. O'Connor, MD

Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

Associate Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

Oladapo A. Odujebe, MD, MT-ASCP, FACEP, FAAEM

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Emory University

Medical Toxicologist

Georgia Poison Control Center

Atlanta, Georgia

Chapter 124, "Asphyxiants and Pulmonary Irritants"

Ruben E. Olmedo, MD

Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Director, Division of Toxicology

Mount Sinai Hospital

New York, New York

Chapter 86, "Phencyclidine and Ketamine"

Dean G. Olsen, DO

Assistant Professor of Toxicology

New York College of Osteopathic Medicine

Consultant, New York City Poison Control Center

New York, New York

Chapter 38, "Opioids"

Kevin C. Osterhoudt, MD, MS

Professor of Pediatrics

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Medical Director, The Poison Control Center

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 138, "Principles of Epidemiology and Research Design"

Robert B. Palmer, PhD, DABAT, FAACT

Assistant Clinical Professor of Surgery

Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology

University of Colorado School of Medicine

Attending Clinical Toxicologist

Rocky Mountain Poison & Drug Center

Special Considerations: SC6, "Assessment of Ethanol-Induced Impairment"

Jeanmarie Perrone, MD, FACMT

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 46, "Iron"

Anthony F. Pizon, MD

Associate Professor

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Chapter 122, "Native (US) Venomous Snakes and Lizards"

Antidotes in Depth: A37, "Antivenom: Snakes (Native [US] Venomous [Crotaline and Elapid])"

Dennis P. Price, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

New York, New York

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

Chapter 127, "Methemoglobin Inducers"

Jane M. Prosser, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

Attending Physician and Toxicology Consultant

New York Presbyterian Hospital

Weill Cornell Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 78, "Cocaine"

Special Considerations: SC5, "Internal Concealment of Xenobiotics"

Petrie M. Rainey, MD, PhD

Professor of Laboratory Medicine

University of Washington School of Medicine

Director, Laboratory Medicine Residency

University of Washington Medicine

Seattle, Washington

Chapter 6, "Laboratory Principles"

Rama B. Rao, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

Director, Medical Toxicology

Weill Cornell Medical Center

New York Presbyterian Hospital

New York, New York

Chapter 24, "Neurologic Principles"

Chapter 34, "Postmortem Toxicology"

Chapter 90, "Bismuth"

Special Considerations: SC2, "Organ Procurement from Poisoned Patients"

Special Considerations: SC3, "Intrathecal Administration of Xenobiotics"

Joseph G. Rella, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

Attending Physician

Weill Cornell Medical Center

New York Presbyterian Hospital

New York, New York

Chapter 134, "Radiation"

Antidotes in Depth: A43, "Potassium Iodide"

Antidotes in Depth: A44, "Pentetic Acid or Pentetate (Zinc or Calcium) Trisodium (DTPA)"

Darren M. Roberts, MBBS, PhD, FRACP

Honorary Senior Fellow

Burns, Trauma and Critical Care Research Centre

School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences

University of Queensland, Australia

Clinical Research Fellow

Renal Medicine, Addenbrooke's Hospital

Cambridge, United Kingdom

Chapter 112, "Herbicides"

Anne-Michelle Ruha, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 122, "Native (US) Venomous Snakes and Lizards"

Antidotes in Depth: A37, "Antivenom: Snakes (Native [US] Venomous [Crotaline and Elapid])"

Joshua G. Schier, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Section of Medical Toxicology

Emory University School of Medicine

Lead, Environmental Toxicology Team, National Center for Environmental Health

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Medical Toxicology Attending Physician

Grady Health Systems

Georgia Poison Center

Atlanta, Georgia

Chapter 36, "Colchicine, Podophyllin, and the Vinca Alkaloids"

Special Considerations: SC7, "Diethylene Glycol"

David R. Schwartz, MD

Associate Professor of Medicine

New York University School of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary/Critical Care

Section Chief, Critical Care Medicine

New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 67, "Local Anesthetics"

David T. Schwartz, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 5, "Diagnostic Imaging"

Lauren Schwartz, MPH

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Director, Public Education

New York City Poison Center

New York, New York

Chapter 135, "Poison Prevention and Education"

Shahin Shadnia, MD, PhD, FACMT

Associate Professor of Clinical Toxicology

Vice Chancellor of Clinical Toxicology

Clinical Toxicology Department, Faculty of Medicine

Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

Chairman, Intensive Care Unit and Drug and Poison Information Center

Clinical Toxicology Department

Loghman Hakim Hospital Poison Center,

Tehran, Iran

Chapter 111, "Fumigants"

Adhi Sharma, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Chairman, Emergency Medicine

Good Samaritan Hospital Medical Center

West Islip, New York

Chapter 25, "Ophthalmic Principles"

Lauren Kornreich Shawn, MD

Fellow in Medical Toxicology

Division of Medical Toxicology

Department of Emergency Medicine

New York City Poison Center

New York, New York

Chapter 43, "Essential Oils"

Farshad "Mazda" Shirazi, MS, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine, Toxicology and Pharmacology

University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

University of Arizona College of Pharmacy

Medical Director, University of Arizona Health Network

Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center

Tucson, Arizona

Special Considerations: SC8, "Exotic (Nonnative) Snake Envenomations"

Marco L. A. Sivilotti, MD, MSc

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences

Queen's University

Kingston, Ontario Canada

Consultant, Ontario Poison Centre

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Chapter 22, "Hematologic Principles"

Aaron B. Skolnik, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Arizona College of Medicine–Phoenix

Assistant Medical Director

Banner Good Samaritan Poison and Drug Information Center

Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 14, "Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators"

Silas W. Smith, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Chief of Safety and Quality

Department of Emergency Medicine

Associate Director of Medical Toxicology Fellowship Program

New York University School of Medicine

New York City Poison Control Center

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York

University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 129, "Nanotoxicology"

Antidotes in Depth: A1, "Activated Charcoal"

Antidotes in Depth: A2, "Whole-Bowel Irrigation and Other Intestinal Evacuants"

Antidotes in Depth: A6, "Botulinum Antitoxin"

Antidotes in Depth: 11, "Glucarpidase (Carboxypeptidase G2)"

Antidotes in Depth: A13, "Octreotide"

Sari Soghoian, MD, MA

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

New York, New York

Lead Clinician, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

Department of Emergency Medicine

Accra, Ghana

Chapter 85, "Nicotine"

Chapter 97, "Manganese"

Chapter 137, "International Perspectives on Medical Toxicology"

Samuel J. Stellpflug, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Minnesota Medical School

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Attending Physician and Medical Toxicologist

Regions Hospital

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Antidotes in Depth: A17, "High-Dose Insulin Euglycemia"

Andrew Stolbach, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Johns Hopkins Hospital

Baltimore, Maryland

Chapter 29, "Respiratory Principles"

Christine M. Stork, BS, PharmD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medicine

Section of Clinical Pharmacology

Upstate Medical University

Clinical Director

Upstate New York Poison Center

Syracuse, New York

Chapter 57, "Antibacterials, Antifungals, and Antivirals"

Chapter 75, "Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Atypical Antidepressants"

Mark Su, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

Director, New York City Poison Center

New York, New York

Chapter 60, "Antithrombotics"

Chapter 107, "Hydrofluoric Acid and Fluorides"

Jeffrey R. Suchard, MD

Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology

University of California, Irvine School of Medicine

Orange, California

Chapter 132, "Chemical Weapons"

Chapter 133, "Biological Weapons"

Young-Jin Sue, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine

Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University

Attending Physician

Pediatric Emergency Services

Children's Hospital at Montefiore

Bronx, New York

Chapter 98, "Mercury"

Kenneth M. Sutin, MD, FCCM, FCCP

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology

Department of Anesthesiology

New York University School of Medicine

Director, Post Anesthesia Care Unit

Bellevue Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 69, "Neuromuscular Blockers"

Antidotes in Depth: A21, "Dantrolene Sodium"

Asim F. Tarabar, MD, MS

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Yale University School of Medicine

Director, Medical Toxicology

Yale New Haven Hospital

New Haven, Connecticut

Chapter 88, "Antimony"

Stephen R. Thom, MD, PhD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Antidotes in Depth: A38, "Hyperbaric Oxygen"

Christian Tomaszewski, MD, MS, MBA

Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine

University of California San Diego Health System

Medical Director, Emergency Department

University of California, San Diego

San Diego, California

Chapter 125, "Carbon Monoxide"

Stephen J. Traub, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Scottsdale, Arizona

Chapter 12, "Chemical Principles"

Chapter 91, "Cadmium"

Michael G. Tunik, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 44, "Food Poisoning"

Susi U. Vassallo, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and New York

University Langone Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 30, "Thermoregulatory Principles"

Chapter 40, "Athletic Performance Enhancers"

Larissa I. Velez, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Program Director, Emergency Medicine

Residency

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Staff Toxicologist, North Texas Poison Center

Dallas, Texas

Antidotes in Depth: A12, "Dextrose (D-Glucose)"

Lisa E. Vivero, PharmD

Drug Information Specialist

Irvine, California

Chapter 55, "Pharmaceutical Additives"

Peter H. Wald, MD, MPH

Adjunct Professor of Public Health

University of Texas School of Public Health

Houston, Texas

Vice President, Enterprise Medical Director

USAA

San Antonio, Texas

Chapter 123, "Industrial Poisoning: Information and Control"

Richard Y. Wang, DO

Senior Medical Officer

National Center for Environmental Health

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Chamblee, Georgia

Chapter 50, "Chemotherapeutics Overview"

Chapter 51, "Chemotherapeutics: Methotrexate"

Chapter 52, "Miscellaneous Chemotherapeutics"

Special Considerations: SC4, "Extravasation of Chemotherapeutics"

Paul M. Wax, MD, FACMT

Professor, Division of Emergency Medicine

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Director, Medical Toxicology Clinic

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Dallas, Texas

Executive Director

American College of Medical Toxicology

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 1, "Historical Principles and Perspectives"

Chapter 2, "Toxicologic Misfortunes and Catastrophes in History"

Chapter 104, "Antiseptics, Disinfectants, and Sterilants"

Antidotes in Depth: A5, "Sodium Bicarbonate"

Sage W. Wiener, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

SUNY Downstate Medical Center College of Medicine

Director of Medical Toxicology

SUNY Downstate Medical Center/Kings County Hospital

Brooklyn, New York

Chapter 109, "Toxic Alcohols"

Luke Yip, MD

Attending Medical Toxicologist

Denver Health Medical Center

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center

Department of Medicine

Section of Medical Toxicology

Denver, Colorado

Chapter 80, "Ethanol"

Erin A. Zerbo, MD

Clinical Instructor, Department of Psychiatry

New York University School of Medicine

Associate Director, Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry

Bellevue Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 27, "Psychiatric Principles"

Matthew D. Zuckerman, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 20, "Gastrointestinal Principles"

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