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INTRODUCTION

Common poisonous and injurious plants number in the hundreds and have a wide variety of toxicities. This chapter focuses on the most important plant-related exposures clinically relevant to emergency medicine (Tables 221-1 and 221-2).1,2 Individual plants are discussed in terms of their pathophysiology, clinical features (toxidromes), and treatment.3 Highly poisonous plants (Table 221-1) are highlighted in depth below, and brief reviews are provided for other common poisonous plants. Table 221-2 organizes common poisonous plants according to toxin structure.

TABLE 221-1Examples of Severely Poisonous Plants
TABLE 221-2Classification of Poisonous Plants

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