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Judith C. Ahronheim, MD

Clinical Professor of Medicine

New York Medical College

Valhalla, New York

Chapter 32, “Geriatric Principles”

Theodore C. Bania, MD, MS

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Director of Research and Toxicology

Mt. Sinai West and Mt. Sinai St. Luke's Hospitals

Department of Emergency Medicine

Associate Dean for Human Subject Research

Associate Director Program for the Protection of Human Subjects

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

New York, New York

Antidotes in Depth: A23, “Lipid Emulsion”

Fermin Barrueto Jr., MD, MBA, FACEP

Volunteer Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine

Baltimore, Maryland

Senior Vice President

Chief Medical Officer

University of Maryland Upper Chesapeake Health

Bel Air, Maryland

Chapter 113, “Sodium Monofluoroacetate and Fluoroacetamide”

James David Barry, MD

Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of California, Irvine School of Medicine

Irvine, California

Associate Director, Emergency Department

Long Beach VA Medical Center

Long Beach, California

Chapter 55, “Antimalarials”

Michael C. Beuhler, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Carolinas HealthCare System

Medical Director, Carolinas Poison Center

Charlotte, North Carolina

Chapter 112, “Phosphorus”

Rana Biary, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Program Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Case Studies

Steven B. Bird, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

UMass Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 90, “Chromium”

Eike Blohm, MD

Assistant Professor of Surgery

Division of Emergency Medicine

Toxicology Consultant Northern New England Poison Center

University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine

University of Vermont Medical Center

Burlington, Vermont

Chapter 116, “Marine Envenomations”

Keith J. Boesen, PharmD, FAZPA

Instructor, University of Arizona College of Pharmacy

Director, Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center

Tucson, Arizona

Special Considerations: SC10, “Exotic Nonnative Snake Envenomations”

Kelly A. Green Boesen, PharmD

Clinical Pharmacist

Tucson, Arizona

Special Considerations: SC10, “Exotic Nonnative Snake Envenomations”

George M. Bosse, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Louisville School of Medicine

Medical Director, Kentucky Poison Center

Louisville, Kentucky

Chapter 47, “Antidiabetics and Hypoglycemics/Antiglycemics”

Nicole C. Bouchard, MD, FACMT, FRCPC

Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Emergency Physician

Lenox Health in Greenwich Village, Northwell Health

New York, New York

Chapter 53, “Thyroid and Antithyroid Medications”

Jeffrey R. Brubacher, MD, MSc, FRCPC

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of British Columbia

Emergency Physician

Vancouver General Hospital

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Chapter 59, “b-Adrenergic Antagonists”

D. Eric Brush, MD, MHCM

Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Division of Toxicology

Director of Clinical Operations

UMass Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 116, “Marine Envenomations”

Michele M. Burns, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

Medical Director, Regional Center for Poison Control and Prevention

Attending Physician, Pediatric Emergency Medicine

Boston Children's Hospital

Boston, Massachusetts

Chapter 98, “Silver”

Diane P. Calello, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School

Executive and Medical Director

New Jersey Poison Information and Education System

Newark, New Jersey

Chapter 93, “Lead”

Chapter 97, “Selenium”

Louis R. Cantilena, MD, PhD (Deceased)

Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology

Director, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Medical Toxicology

Department of Medicine

Uniformed Services University

Bethesda, Maryland

Chapter 135, “Drug Development, Adverse Drug Events, and Postmarketing Surveillance”

James D. Cao, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Program Director, Medical Toxicology

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Dallas, Texas

Chapter 11, “Biochemical and Metabolic Principles”

Jennifer L. Carey, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Massachusetts Medical School

UMass Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 79, “Hallucinogens”

Gar Ming Chan, MD, FACEM

Emergency Medicine Specialist

Calvary Health Care, Lenah Valley

Tasmania, Australia

Chapter 91, “Cobalt”

Yiu-Cheung Chan, MD, MBBS, FRCS (Ed), FHKCEM, FHKAM

Consultant, Accident and Emergency Department,

United Christian Hospital

Hong Kong Poison Information Centre

Hong Kong SAR, China

Chapter 114, “Strychnine”

Nathan P. Charlton, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Program Director, Medical Toxicology

University of Virginia School of Medicine

Charlottesville, Virginia

Chapter 120, “Smoke Inhalation”

Alan N. Charney, MD

Professor of Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

New York, New York

Chapter 12, “Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Principles”

Betty C. Chen, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Washington School of Medicine

Harborview Medical Center

Toxicology Consultant, Washington Poison Center

Seattle, Washington

Chapter 58, “Antithrombotics”

Antidotes in Depth: A17, “Prothrombin Complex Concentrates and Direct Oral Anticoagulant Antidotes”

William K. Chiang, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 25, “Otolaryngologic Principles”

Jason Chu, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Emergency Physician and Medical Toxicologist

Mt. Sinai West and Mt. Sinai St. Luke's Hospitals

New York, New York

Chapter 19, “Genitourinary Principles”

Chapter 52, “Antimigraine Medications”

Richard J. Church, MD, FACEP, FACMT

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology

Assistant Program Director, Emergency Medicine Residency

University of Massachusetts Medical School

UMass Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 18, “Gastrointestinal Principles”

Cathleen Clancy, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

The George Washington University Medical Center

Emergency Physician

Walter Reed National Military Medical Center

Associate Medical Director

Program Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

National Capital Poison Center

Washington, District of Columbia

Chapter 15, “Cardiologic Principles I: Electrophysiologic and Electrocardiographic Principles”

Richard F. Clark, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

University of California, San Diego

San Diego, California

Antidotes in Depth: A37, “Antivenom: Spider”

Antidotes in Depth: A38, “Antivenom: Scorpion”

Nicholas J. Connors, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Medical University of South Carolina

Charleston, South Carolina

Medical Toxicologist

Palmetto Poison Center

Columbia, South Carolina

Chapter 14, “Withdrawal Principles”

Steven C. Curry, MD

Professor of Medicine and Emergency Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology and Precision Medicine

Division of Clinical Data Analytics and Decision Support

Center for Toxicology and Pharmacology Education and Research

University of Arizona College of Medicine—Phoenix

Banner—University Medical Center, Phoenix

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 13, “Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators”

John A. Curtis, MD

Emergency Physician

Cheshire Medical Center-Dartmouth Hitchcock Keene

Keene, New Hampshire

Chapter 96, “Nickel”

Michael A. Darracq, MD, MPH

Associate Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine

University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)-Fresno

Medical Education Program

Department of Emergency Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology

Fresno, California

Antidotes in Depth: A37, “Antivenom: Spider”

Antidotes in Depth: A38, “Antivenom: Scorpion”

Andrew H. Dawson, MBBS, FRACP, FRCP, FCCP

Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Sydney

Clinical Director, NSW Poisons Information Centre

Director, Clinical Toxicology

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Sydney, Australia

Chapter 107, “Barium”

Kathleen A. Delaney, MD, FACP, FACMT

Academic Chair of Emergency Medicine, Emeritus

John Peter Smith Health Science Center

Fort Worth, Texas

Chapter 21, “Hepatic Principles”

Chapter 29, “Thermoregulatory Principles”

Francis Jerome DeRoos, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 61, “Miscellaneous Antihypertensives and Pharmacologically Related Agents”

Suzanne Doyon, MD, MPH, ACEP, FACMT, FASAM

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Medical Director, Connecticut Poison Control Center

University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Farmington, Connecticut

Chapter 48, “Antiepileptics”

Michael Eddleston, BM, ScD

Professor of Clinical Toxicology

University of Edinburgh

Consultant Clinical Toxicologist

Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh and National Poisons Information Service, Edinburgh

Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Chapter 110, “Insecticides: Organic Phosphorus Compounds and Carbamates”

Brenna M. Farmer, MD

Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

Emergency Physician

Assistant Program Director of Emergency Medicine

New York-Presbyterian Hospital

Director of Patient Safety

Weill Cornell Emergency Department

New York, New York

Chapter 80, “g-Hydroxybutyric Acid (g-Hydroxybutyrate)”

Chapter 84, “Aluminum”

Chapter 134, “Medication Safety and Adverse Drug Events”

Brandy Ferguson, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 132, “Hazardous Materials Incident Response”

Denise Fernández, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Medical Toxicologist

Emergency Physician

Jacobi Medical Center/North Central Bronx Hospital

Bronx, New York

Chapter 82, “Nicotine”

Laura J. Fil, DO, MS

Adjunct Professor

Department of Primary Care

Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine

Middletown, New York

Emergency Physician

Department of Emergency Medicine

Vassar Brothers Medical Center

Poughkeepsie, New York

Chapter 39, “Food Poisoning”

Jeffrey S. Fine, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics

New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 30, “Reproductive and Perinatal Principles”

Chapter 31, “Pediatric Principles”

Mark A. Flomenbaum, MD, PhD

Chief Medical Examiner, State of Maine

Augusta, Maine

Chapter 140, “Postmortem Toxicology”

Lindsay M. Fox, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School

University Hospital

Toxicology Consultant, New Jersey Poison Information and Education System

Newark, New Jersey

Chapter 43, “Plant- and Animal-Derived Dietary Supplements”

Jessica A. Fulton, DO

Emergency Physician

Grandview Hospital

Sellersville, Pennsylvania

Chapter 103, “Caustics”

Jakub Furmaga, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Dallas, Texas

Chapter 21, “Hepatic Principles”

Howard L. Geyer, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor of Neurology

Director, Division of Movement Disorders

Montefiore Medical Center

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Bronx, New York

Chapter 38, “Botulism”

Antidotes in Depth: A6, “Botulinum Antitoxin”

Marc Ghannoum, MD, MSc

Associate Professor of Medicine

University of Montreal

Nephrology and Internal Medicine

Verdun Hospital

Montreal, Québec, Canada

Chapter 6, “Principles and Techniques Applied to Enhance Elimination”

Chapter 27, “Renal Principles”

Beth Y. Ginsburg, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

New York, New York

Emergency Physician

Elmhurst Hospital Center

Elmhurst, New York

Chapter 44, “Vitamins”

Jeffrey A. Gold, MD

Professor of Medicine

Chief, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care (Interim)

Associate Director, Adult Cystic Fibrosis Center

Oregon Health and Science University

Portland, Oregon

Chapter 77, “Alcohol Withdrawal”

David S. Goldfarb, MD, FASN

Professor of Medicine and Physiology

New York University School of Medicine

Clinical Chief, Nephrology Division

NYU Langone Health

Chief, Nephrology Section

New York Harbor VA Healthcare System

Consultant, New York City Poison Control Center

New York, New York

Chapter 6, “Principles and Techniques Applied to Enhance Elimination”

Chapter 27, “Renal Principles”

Lewis R. Goldfrank, MD, FAAEM, FAACT, FACEP, FACMT, FACP

Herbert W. Adams Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

Medical Director, New York City Poison Control Center

New York, New York

Chapter 3, “Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes”

Chapter 4, “Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient”

Chapter 117, “Mushrooms”

Chapter 118, “Plants”

Special Considerations: SC1, “Principles of Antidote Stocking”

Sophie Gosselin, MD, CSPQ, FRCPC, FAACT, FACMT

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine McGill University

Emergency Physician

McGill University Health Center & Hôpital Charles-Lemoyne

Montréal, Québec, Canada

Medical Toxicologist

Centre Antipoison du Québec

Québec City, Québec, Canada

Chapter 49, “Antihistamines and Decongestants”

Antidotes in Depth: A23, “Lipid Emulsion”

Kimberlie A. Graeme, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Arizona College of Medicine—Phoenix

Department of Medical Toxicology

Banner—University Medical Center Phoenix

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 13, “Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators”

Howard A. Greller, MD, FACEP, FACMT

Department of Clinical Medicine, Affiliated Medical Professor

City University of New York School of Medicine

Director of Research and Medical Toxicology

SBH Health System Department of Emergency Medicine

St. Barnabas Hospital

Bronx, New York

Chapter 70, “Lithium”

Ami M. Grunbaum, MD, FRCPC

Adjunct Professor of Medicine

Medical Biochemist, MUHC and CISSS-Laval

McGill University

Montreal, Québec, Canada

Chapter 7, “Laboratory Principles”

Hallam Melville Gugelmann, MD, MPH

Assistant Clinical Professor

Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Medical Toxicology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco

Emergency Physician, CPMC St. Luke's Hospital Emergency Department

Assistant Medical Director, California Poison Control System-San Francisco Division

San Francisco, California

Chapter 61, “Miscellaneous Antihypertensives and Pharmacologically Related Agents”

David D. Gummin, MD, FAACT, FACEP, FACMT

Professor of Emergency Medicine, Pediatrics, Pharmacology and Toxicology

Section Chief, Medical Toxicology

Medical College of Wisconsin

Medical Director, Wisconsin Poison Center

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Chapter 105, “Hydrocarbons”

Caitlin J. Guo, MD, MBA

Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Care and Pain Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 65, “Inhalational Anesthetics”

Chapter 66, “Neuromuscular Blockers”

Antidotes in Depth: A24, “Dantrolene Sodium”

Amit K. Gupta, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Seton Hall Medical School

Assistant Residency Director, Department of Emergency Medicine

Hackensack University Medical Center

Hackensack, New Jersey

Chapter 78, “Disulfiram and Disulfiramlike Reactions”

Jason B. Hack, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Program Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Rhode Island Hospital

Providence, Rhode Island

Chapter 62, “Cardioactive Steroids”

In-Hei Hahn, MD, FACEP, FACMT

Expedition Medical Officer

Research Associate

Division of Paleontology

American Museum of Natural History

New York, New York

Chapter 115, “Arthropods”

Richard J. Hamilton, MD, FAAEM, FACEP, FACMT

Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine

Drexel University College of Medicine

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 14, “Withdrawal Principles”

Stephen A. Harding, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Henry J. N. Taub Department of Emergency Medicine

Baylor College of Medicine

Houston, Texas

Chapter 84, “Aluminum”

Rachel Haroz, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Cooper University Health Care

Camden, New Jersey

Chapter 80, “g-Hydroxybutyric Acid (g-Hydroxybutyrate)”

Ashley Haynes, MD, FACEP

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Division of Toxicology

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Attending Physician

Parkland Hospital

Clements University Hospital

Children's Medical Center

Dallas, Texas

Chapter 101, “Antiseptics, Disinfectants, and Sterilants”

Antidotes in Depth: A5, “Sodium Bicarbonate”

Robert G. Hendrickson, MD, FACMT, FAACT

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Program Director, Fellowship in Medical Toxicology

Associate Medical Director, Oregon Poison Center

Oregon Health and Science University

Portland, Oregon

Chapter 33, “Acetaminophen”

Antidotes in Depth: A3, “N-Acetylcysteine”

Fred M. Henretig, MD, FAAP, FACMT

Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Senior Toxicologist, The Poison Control Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 93, “Lead”

Christina H. Hernon, MD

Lecturer in Emergency Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Department of Emergency Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology

Cambridge Health Alliance

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Chapter 56, “Antituberculous Medications”

Robert A. Hessler, MD, PhD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center, NYU Langone Health and VA NY Harbor Healthcare System

New York, New York

Chapter 16, “Cardiologic Principles II: Hemodynamics”

Elizabeth Quaal Hines, MD

Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine

Toxicology Consultant, Maryland Poison Center

Baltimore, Maryland

Chapter 31, “Pediatric Principles”

Chapter 94, “Manganese”

Lotte C. G. Hoegberg, MS (Pharm), PhD, FEAPCCT

Pharmacist, Medical Toxicologist

The Danish Poisons Information Centre

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care

Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg

Copenhagen, Denmark

Chapter 5, “Techniques Used to Prevent Gastrointestinal Absorption”

Robert J. Hoffman, MD, MS, FACMT, FACEP

Medical Director, Qatar Poison Center

Sidra Medicine

Doha, Qatar

Chapter 63, “Methylxanthines and Selective b2-Adrenergic Agonists”

Robert S. Hoffman, MD, FAACT, FACMT, FRCP Edin, FEAPCCT

Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Emergency Physician

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 3, “Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes”

Chapter 4, “Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient”

Chapter 12, “Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid–Base Principles”

Chapter 28, “Respiratory Principles”

Chapter 75, “Cocaine”

Chapter 88, “Cadmium”

Chapter 99, “Thallium”

Chapter 130, “Poison Control Centers and Poison Epidemiology”

Antidotes in Depth: A26, “Benzodiazepines”

Antidotes in Depth: A27, “Thiamine Hydrochloride”

Antidotes in Depth: A31, “Prussian Blue”

Michael G. Holland, MD, FEAPCCT, FAACT, FACMT, FACOEM, FACEP

Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

SUNY Upstate Medical University

Syracuse, New York

Medical Toxicologist, Upstate New York Poison Center

Syracuse, New York

Director of Occupational Medicine, Glens Falls Hospital Center for Occupational Health

Glens Falls, New York

Senior Medical Toxicologist, Center for Toxicology and Environmental Health

North Little Rock, Arkansas

Chapter 111, “Insecticides: Organic Chlorines, Pyrethrins/Pyrethroids and Insect Repellents”

Christopher P. Holstege, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics

Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Virginia School of Medicine

Medical Director, Blue Ridge Poison Center

University of Virginia Health System

Charlottesville, Virginia

Chapter 123, “Cyanide and Hydrogen Sulfide”

William J. Holubek, MD, MPH, CPE, FACEP, FACMT

Vice President of Medical Affairs

WellStar Atlanta Medical Center

Atlanta, Georgia

Chapter 35, “Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs”

Fiona Garlich Horner, MD

Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California

Los Angeles, California

Antidotes in Depth: A26, “Benzodiazepines”

Mary Ann Howland, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT

Clinical Professor of Pharmacy

St. John's University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Adjunct Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

Senior Consultant in Residence

New York City Poison Control Center

New York, New York

Chapter 3, “Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes”

Chapter 4, “Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient”

Chapter 9, “Pharmacokinetic and Toxicokinetic Principles”

Chapter 32, “Geriatric Principles”

Antidotes in Depth: A1, “Activated Charcoal”

Antidotes in Depth: A2, “Whole-Bowel Irrigation and Other Intestinal Evacuants”

Antidotes in Depth: A3, “N-Acetylcysteine”

Antidotes in Depth: A4, “Opioid Antagonists”

Antidotes in Depth: A7, “Deferoxamine”

Antidotes in Depth: A9, “Octreotide”

Antidotes in Depth: A10, “l-Carnitine”

Antidotes in Depth: A11, “Physostigmine Salicylate”

Antidotes in Depth: A12, “Folates: Leucovorin (Folinic Acid) and Folic Acid”

Antidotes in Depth: A15, “Pyridoxine”

Antidotes in Depth: A18, “Vitamin K1

Antidotes in Depth: A19, “Protamine”

Antidotes in Depth: A20, “Glucagon”

Antidotes in Depth: A22, “Digoxin-Specific Antibody Fragments”

Antidotes in Depth: A25, “Flumazenil”

Antidotes in Depth: A26, “Benzodiazepines”

Antidotes in Depth: A28, “Dimercaprol (British Anti-Lewisite or BAL)”

Antidotes in Depth: A29, “Succimer (2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid) and DMPS (2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid)”

Antidotes in Depth: A30, “Edetate Calcium Disodium (CaNa2EDTA)”

Antidotes in Depth: A32, “Calcium”

Antidotes in Depth: A33, “Fomepizole”

Antidotes in Depth: A34, “Ethanol”

Antidotes in Depth: A35, “Atropine”

Antidotes in Depth: A36, “Pralidoxime”

Antidotes in Depth: A41, “Hydroxocobalamin”

Antidotes in Depth: A42, “Nitrites (Amyl and Sodium) and Sodium Thiosulfate

Antidotes in Depth: A43, “Methylene Blue”

Special Considerations: SC1, “Principles of Antidote Stocking”

Nicholas B. Hurst, MD, MS, FAAEM

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Medical Toxicology Consultant

Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center

University of Arizona College of Medicine-Tucson

Tucson, Arizona

Special Considerations: SC10, “Exotic Nonnative Snake Envenomations”

David H. Jang, MD, MSc, FACMT

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Divisions of Medical Toxicology and Critical Care Medicine (ResCCU)

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 60, “Calcium Channel Blockers”

Chapter 73, “Amphetamines”

David N. Juurlink, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAACT, FACMT

Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Health Policy, Management and Evaluation

Director, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology

University of Toronto

Senior Scientist, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences

Medical Toxicologist, Ontario Poison Centre

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Chapter 67, “Antipsychotics”

A. Min Kang, MD, MPhil, FAAP, FASAM

Assistant Professor of Child Health and Medicine

University of Arizona College of Medicine—Phoenix

Section Chief, Toxicology, Phoenix Children's Hospital

Medical Toxicologist, Banner—University Medical Center Phoenix

Associate Medical Director, Banner Poison and Drug Information Center

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 13, “Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators”

Bradley J. Kaufman, MD, MPH, FACEP, FAEMS

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Hempstead, New York

Emergency Physician

Long Island Jewish Medical Center

New Hyde Park, New York

First Deputy Medical Director

Fire Department of the City of New York

New York, New York

Chapter 132, “Hazardous Materials Incident Response”

Brian S. Kaufman, MD

Professor of Medicine, Anesthesiology, Neurology and Neurosurgery

New York University School of Medicine

NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 65, “Inhalational Anesthetics”

William Kerns II, MD, FACEP, FACMT

Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology

Division of Medical Toxicology

Department of Emergency Medicine

Carolinas Medical Center

Charlotte, North Carolina

Antidotes in Depth: A21, “High-Dose Insulin (HDI)”

Hong K. Kim, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine

Baltimore, Maryland

Chapter 102, “Camphor and Moth Repellents”

Mark A. Kirk, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Virginia

Charlottesville, Virginia

Director, Chemical Defense

Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction

Department of Homeland Security

Washington, District of Columbia

Chapter 120, “Smoke Inhalation”

Chapter 123, “Cyanide and Hydrogen Sulfide”

Barbara M. Kirrane, MD, MPH

Medical Toxicology Consultant, Department of Emergency Medicine

Physician Advisor, Department of Case Management

Saint Barnabas Medical Center

Livingston, New Jersey

Chapter 138, “Risk Management and Legal Principles”

Kurt C. Kleinschmidt, MD, FACMT, DABAM

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Division Chief, Medical Toxicology

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Medical Director, Perinatal Intervention Program

Parkland Health and Hospital System

Dallas, Texas

Chapter 11, “Biochemical and Metabolic Principles”

Cathy A. Kondas, MD, MBS

Assistant Professor of Psychiatry

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Psychiatrist

Director, Women's Mental Health Fellowship

Associate Director, Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry

Bellevue Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 26, “Psychiatric Principles”

Special Considerations: SC4, “Patient Violence”

Andrea Martinez Kondracke, MD

Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Internal Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Division Chief, Department of Medical Psychiatry and Consultation Liaison Psychiatry

Bellevue Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 26, “Psychiatric Principles”

Special Considerations: SC4, “Patient Violence”

Jeffrey T. Lai, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of Massachusetts Medical School

UMass Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 56, “Antituberculous Medications”

Melisa W. Lai-Becker, MD, FACEP, FAAEM

Instructor in Emergency Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Chief, CHA Everett Hospital Emergency Department

Director, CHA Division of Medical Toxicology

Cambridge Health Alliance

Boston, Massachusetts

Chapter 98, “Silver”

Jeff M. Lapoint, DO

Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

Department of Emergency Medicine

Southern California Permanente Group

San Diego, California

Chapter 74, “Cannabinoids”

David C. Lee, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Hempstead, New York

Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine

WellSpan York Hospital

York, Pennsylvania

Chapter 72, “Sedative-Hypnotics”

Joshua D. Lee, MD

Associate Professor of Population Health

New York University School of Medicine

New York, New York

Special Considerations: SC6, “Prevention, Treatment, and Harm Reduction Approaches to Opioid Overdoses”

Jesse M. Lewin, MD, FAAD

Mohs Micrographic and Dermatologic Surgery

Director of Dermatologic Surgery Education

Assistant Professor of Dermatology

Department of Dermatology

Columbia University Irving Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 17, “Dermatologic Principles”

Justin M. Lewin, MD

Assistant Professor of Psychiatry

New York University School of Medicine

Comprehensive Psychiatric Emergency Program

Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry

Bellevue Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 26, “Psychiatric Principles”

Special Considerations: SC4, “Patient Violence”

Neal A. Lewin, MD, FACEP, FACMT, FACP

Druckenmiller Professor of Emergency Medicine and Professor of Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Director, Didactic Education

Emergency Medicine Residency

Attending Physician, Emergency Medicine and Internal Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 3, “Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes”

Chapter 4, “Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient”

Chapter 17, “Dermatologic Principles”

Erica L. Liebelt, MD, FACMT

Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine

University of Washington School of Medicine

Medical/Executive Director

Washington Poison Center

Seattle, Washington

Chapter 68, “Cyclic Antidepressants”

Zhanna Livshits, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

Emergency Physician and Medical Toxicologist

New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center

New York, New York

Chapter 89, ”Cesium”

Heather Long, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Director, Medical Toxicology

Albany Medical Center

Albany, New York

Chapter 81, “Inhalants”

Scott Lucyk, MD, FRCPC

Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Medical Toxicologist

Associate Medical Director, Poison and Drug Information Service (PADIS)

Program Director, Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology

Alberta Health Services

Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Special Considerations: SC2, ”Decontamination Principles: Prevention of Dermal, Ophthalmic and Inhalational Absorption”

Daniel M. Lugassy, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Medical Director, New York Simulation Center for the Health Sciences (NYSIM)

New York University School of Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Emergency Physician, Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

Toxicology Consultant

New York City Poison Control Center

New York, New York

Chapter 37, “Salicylates”

Nima Majlesi, DO

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Director of Medical Toxicology

Staten Island University Hospital

Staten Island, New York

Chapter 100, “Zinc”

Alex F. Manini, MD, MS, FACMT, FAACT

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Elmhurst Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 71, “Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors”

Chapter 137, “Principles of Epidemiology and Research Design”

Jeanna M. Marraffa, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Clinical Toxicologist

Assistant Clinical Director, Upstate New York Poison Center

Upstate Medical University

Syracuse, New York

Chapter 40, “Dieting Xenobiotics and Regimens”

Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, PharmD, MD, MPH

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Georgetown University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician,

Department of Emergency Medicine

MedStar Washington Hospital Center

Washington, District of Columbia

Chapter 57, “Antidysrhythmics”

Charles A. McKay, MD, FACMT, FACEP

Associate Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Consulting Toxicologist

Division of Medical Toxicology

Hartford Hospital and University of Connecticut Health Center

Associate Medical Director

Connecticut Poison Control Center

Farmington, Connecticut

Chapter 133, “Risk Assessment and Risk Communication”

Nathanael J. McKeown, DO, FACMT

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Oregon Health & Science University

Medical Toxicologist

Oregon Poison Center

Chief, Emergency Medicine Service

VA Portland Health Care System

Portland, Oregon

Chapter 33, “Acetaminophen”

Maria Mercurio-Zappala, RPh, MS

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Associate Director

New York City Poison Control Center

New York, New York

Chapter 99, “Thallium”

Robert A. Middleberg, PhD, F-ABFT, DABCC(TC)

Adjunct Assistant Professor of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

Thomas Jefferson University

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Laboratory Director

NMS Labs

Willow Grove, Pennsylvania

Chapter 139, “Medicolegal Interpretive Toxicology”

Stephen W. Munday, MD, MPH, MS

Chair, Department of Occupational Medicine and Chief Medical Toxicologist

Sharp Rees-Stealy Medical Group

San Diego, California

Chapter 86, “Arsenic”

Mark J. Neavyn, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Program Director, Fellowship in Medical Toxicology

University of Massachusetts Medical School

UMass Memorial Medical Center

Worcester, Massachusetts

Chapter 79, “Hallucinogens”

Lewis S. Nelson, MD, FAACT, FACEP, FACMT, FAAEM, FASAM

Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine

Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School

Chief of Service, Emergency Department

University Hospital of Newark

New Jersey Poison Information and Education System

Newark, New Jersey

Chapter 3, “Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes”

Chapter 4, “Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient”

Chapter 10, “Chemical Principles”

Chapter 17, “Dermatologic Principles”

Chapter 36, “Opioids”

Chapter 57, “Antidysrhythmics”

Chapter 77, “Alcohol Withdrawal”

Chapter 92, “Copper”

Chapter 118, “Plants”

Chapter 121, “Simple Asphyxiants and Pulmonary Irritants”

Antidotes in Depth: A4, “Opioid Antagonists”

Antidotes in Depth: A26, “Benzodiazepines”

Special Considerations: SC3, “Transdermal Toxicology”

Vincent Nguyen, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Medical Toxicologist

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Jacobi Medical Center/North Central Bronx Medical Center

The Bronx, New York

Antidotes in Depth: A8, “Dextrose (d-Glucose)”

Sean Patrick Nordt, MD, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT, FAAEM, FACMT

Associate Dean, Academic Affairs

Gavin Herbert Endowed Professor of Pharmacy

Chief Medical Officer

Chapman University School of Pharmacy

Crean College of Health and Behavioral Sciences

Chapman University

Adjunct Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of California, Irvine

Irvine, California

Chapter 46, “Pharmaceutical Additives”

Ayrn D. O'Connor, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Program Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

University of Arizona College of Medicine Phoenix

Department of Medical Toxicology

Banner—University Medical Center Phoenix

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 13, “Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators”

Ruben E. Olmedo, MD

Associate Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Director, Division of Toxicology

Mount Sinai Hospital

New York, New York

Chapter 83, “Phencyclidine and Ketamine”

Dean Olsen, DO

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Toxicology

NYIT College of Osteopathic Medicine

Old Westbury, New York

Director, Residency in Emergency Medicine

Nassau University Medical Center

East Meadow, New York

Chapter 36, “Opioids”

Robert B. Palmer, PhD, DABAT, FAACT

Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine (Medical Toxicology)

University of Colorado School of Medicine

Attending Toxicologist

Medical Toxicology Fellowship Program

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center

Denver, Colorado

Special Considerations: SC11, “Assessment of Ethanol-Induced Impairment”

Jeanmarie Perrone, MD, FACMT

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Director of Medical Toxicology

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Chapter 45, “Iron”

Anthony F. Pizon, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Chapter 119, “Native (US) Venomous Snakes and Lizards”

Antidotes in Depth: A39, “Antivenom for North American Venomous Snakes (Crotaline and Elapid)”

Dennis P. Price, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 124, “Methemoglobin Inducers”

Jane M. Prosser, MD

Medical Toxicologist

Emergency Physician

Department of Emergency Medicine

Kaiser Permanente Northern California

Kaiser Permanente

Vallejo, California

Special Considerations: SC5, “Internal Concealment of Xenobiotics”

Petrie M. Rainey, MD, PhD, FACMT

Professor Emeritus of Laboratory Medicine

University of Washington School of Medicine

University of Washington Medical Center

Seattle, Washington

Chapter 7, “Laboratory Principles”

Rama B. Rao, MD, FACMT

Associate Professor of Medicine

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

Chief, Division of Medical Toxicology

Emergency Physician

New York-Presbyterian Hospital

New York, New York

Chapter 22, “Neurologic Principles”

Chapter 87, “Bismuth”

Chapter 140, “Postmortem Toxicology”

Special Considerations: SC7, “Intrathecal Administration of Xenobiotics”

Special Considerations: SC12, “Organ Procurement from Poisoned Patients”

Joseph G. Rella, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University

Emergency Physician

New York-Presbyterian Hospital

New York, New York

Chapter 128, “Radiation”

Antidotes in Depth: A44, “Potassium Iodide”

Antidotes in Depth: A45, “Pentetic Acid or Pentetate (Zinc or Calcium) Trisodium (DTPA)”

Daniel J. Repplinger, MD

Assistant Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of California, San Francisco

Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital

San Francisco, California

Chapter 115, “Arthropods”

Morgan A. A. Riggan, MD, FRCPC

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Western University

Emergency Physician

London Health Sciences Centre

London, Ontario, Canada

Medical Toxicologist

Poison and Drug Information Service (PADIS)

Alberta Health Services

Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Chapter 105, “Hydrocarbons”

Darren M. Roberts, MBBS, PhD, FRACP

Conjoint Associate Professor

University of New South Wales

Consultant Physician and Clinical Toxicologist

St. Vincent's Hospital and New South Wales Poisons Information Centre

Sydney, Australia

Chapter 109, “Herbicides”

Anne-Michelle Ruha, MD

Professor of Internal Medicine and Emergency Medicine

Departments of Internal Medicine and Emergency Medicine

University of Arizona College of Medicine—Phoenix

Department of Medical Toxicology

Banner—University Medical Center Phoenix

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 119, “Native (US) Venomous Snakes and Lizards”

Antidotes in Depth: A39, “Antivenom for North American Venomous Snakes (Crotaline and Elapid)”

Cynthia D. Santos, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Emergency Physician

University Hospital of Newark

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School

Toxicology Consultant

New Jersey Poison Information and Education System

Newark, New Jersey

Chapter 34, “Colchicine, Podophyllin, and the Vinca Alkaloids”

Daniel Schatz, MD

Addiction Medicine Fellow

Department of Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center

New York, New York

Special Considerations: SC6, “Prevention, Treatment, and Harm Reduction Approaches to Opioid Overdoses”

Capt. Joshua G. Schier, MD, MPH, USPHS

Lead, Environmental Toxicology Team

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Emory University School of Medicine

Associate Director, Emory/CDC Medical Toxicology Fellowship

Consultant, Georgia Poison Center

Atlanta, Georgia

Chapter 34, “Colchicine, Podophyllin, and the Vinca Alkaloids”

Special Considerations: SC9, “Diethylene Glycol”

David T. Schwartz, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 8, “Principles of Diagnostic Imaging”

Lauren Schwartz, MPH

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Director, Public Education

New York City Poison Control Center

New York, New York

Chapter 129, “Poison Prevention and Education”

Shahin Shadnia, MD, PhD, FACMT

Professor of Clinical Toxicology

Head of Clinical Toxicology Department

School of Medicine

Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences

Chairman of Loghman Hakim Hospital Poison Center

Tehran, Iran

Chapter 108, “Fumigants”

Adhi Sharma, MD, FACMT, FACEP

Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Hempstead, New York

Senior Vice President, Medical Affairs

Chief Medical Officer

South Nassau Communities Hospital

Oceanside, New York

Chapter 24, “Ophthalmic Principles”

Lauren Kornreich Shawn, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Mount Sinai St. Luke's, Mount Sinai West

New York, New York

Chapter 42, “Essential Oils”

Farshad Mazda Shirazi, MSc, MD, PhD, FACEP, FACMT

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine, Pharmacology and Pharmacy Practice and Science

University of Arizona College of Medicine—Tucson

Program Director, Medical Toxicology

Medical Director, Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center

Tucson, Arizona

Special Considerations: SC10, “Exotic Nonnative Snake Envenomations”

Marco L. A. Sivilotti, MD, MSc, FRCPC, FACMT, FAACT

Professor of Emergency Medicine and of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences

Queen's University

Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Consultant, Ontario Poison Centre

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Chapter 20, “Hematologic Principles”

Silas W. Smith, MD, FACEP, FACMT

JoAnn G. and Kenneth Wellner Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Section Chief, Quality, Safety, and Practice Innovation

Associate Program Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 3, “Initial Evaluation of the Patient: Vital Signs and Toxic Syndromes”

Chapter 4, “Principles of Managing the Acutely Poisoned or Overdosed Patient”

Chapter 125, “Nanotoxicology”

Antidotes in Depth: A1, “Activated Charcoal”

Antidotes in Depth: A2, ‘Whole-Bowel Irrigation and Other Intestinal Evacuants”

Antidotes in Depth: A6, “Botulinum Antitoxin”

Antidotes in Depth: A9, “Octreotide”

Antidotes in Depth: A12, “Folates: Leucovorin (Folinic Acid) and Folic Acid”

Antidotes in Depth: A13, “Glucarpidase (Carboxypeptidase G2)”

Antidotes in Depth: A14, “Uridine Triacetate”

Antidotes in Depth: A16, “Magnesium”

Antidotes in Depth: A20, “Glucagon”

Antidotes in Depth: A22, “Digoxin-Specific Antibody Fragments”

Antidotes in Depth: A32, “Calcium”

Special Considerations: SC1, “Principles of Antidote Stocking”

Craig G. Smollin, MD, FACMT

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Program Director, Medical Toxicology

University of California, San Francisco

Medical Director, California Poison Control System–San Francisco Division

San Francisco, California

Chapter 75, “Cocaine”

Sari Soghoian, MD, MA

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

New York, New York

Clinical Coordinator, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital

Department of Emergency Medicine

Accra, Ghana

Chapter 82, “Nicotine”

Chapter 94, “Manganese”

Chapter 136, “International Perspectives on Medical Toxicology”

Kambiz Soltaninejad, PharmD, PhD

Associate Professor of Toxicology

Department of Forensic Toxicology

Legal Medicine Research Center

Legal Medicine Organization

Tehran, Iran

Chapter 108, “Fumigants”

Meghan B. Spyres, MD

Assistant Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology

University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine

Los Angeles, California

Chapter 73, “Amphetamines”

Samuel J. Stellpflug, MD, FAACT, FACMT, FACEP, FAAEM

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Minnesota Medical School

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Director, Clinical Toxicology

Regions Hospital

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Antidotes in Depth: A21, “High-Dose Insulin (HDI)”

Michael E. Stern, MD

Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine

Chief, Geriatric Emergency Medicine

New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center, Cornell University

New York, New York

Chapter 32, “Geriatric Principles”

Andrew Stolbach, MD, MPH, FAACT, FACEP, FACMT

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Toxicology Consultant

Maryland Poison Center

Baltimore, Maryland

Chapter 28, “Respiratory Principles”

Christine M. Stork, BS, PharmD, DABAT, FAACT

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Clinical Director, Upstate NY Poison Center

Upstate Medical University

Syracuse, New York

Chapter 54, “Antibacterials, Antifungals, and Antivirals”

Chapter 69, “Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Atypical Antidepressants”

Mark K. Su, MD, MPH

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

Director, New York City Poison Control Center

New York, New York

Chapter 58, “Antithrombotics”

Chapter 104, “Hydrofluoric Acid and Fluorides”

Chapter 130, “Poison Control Centers and Poison Epidemiology”

Antidotes in Depth: A17, “Prothrombin Complex Concentrates and Direct Oral Anticoagulant Antidotes”

Jeffrey R. Suchard, MD

Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine and Pharmacology

University of California, Irvine School of Medicine

Irvine, California

Chapter 126, “Chemical Weapons”

Chapter 127, “Biological Weapons”

Payal Sud, MD, FACEP

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Hempstead, New York

Director of Performance Improvement

Department of Emergency Medicine

Long Island Jewish Medical Center

Assistant Program Director

Medical Toxicology Fellowship

Northwell Health

New Hyde Park, New York

Chapter 72, “Sedative-Hypnotics”

Young-Jin Sue, MD

Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatrics

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Attending Physician, Pediatric Emergency Services

The Children's Hospital at Montefiore

Bronx, New York

Chapter 95, “Mercury”

Kenneth M. Sutin, MS, MD, FCCP, FCCM

Professor of Anesthesiology

New York University School of Medicine

Attending Physician, Department of Anesthesiology

Bellevue Hospital Center

New York, New York

Chapter 66, “Neuromuscular Blockers”

Antidotes in Depth: A24, “Dantrolene Sodium”

Matthew D. Sztajnkrycer, MD, PhD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science

Staff Toxicologist

Minnesota Poison Control System

Rochester, Minnesota

Chapter 64, “Local Anesthetics”

Mai Takematsu, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Director, Division of Medical Toxicology

Montefiore Medical Center

Bronx, New York

Chapter 25, “Otolaryngologic Principles”

Asim F. Tarabar, MD, MS

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Yale University School of Medicine

Director, Medical Toxicology

Yale New Haven Hospital

New Haven, Connecticut

Chapter 85, “Antimony”

Stephen R. Thom, MD, PhD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Director of Research

University of Maryland School of Medicine

Baltimore, Maryland

Antidotes in Depth: A40, “Hyperbaric Oxygen”

Christian Tomaszewski, MD, MS, MBA, FACMT, FACEP

Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine

University of California, San Diego Health

Chief Medical Officer, El Centro Regional Medical Center

San Diego, California

Chapter 122, “Carbon Monoxide”

Stephen J. Traub, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science

Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine

Mayo Clinic Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 10, “Chemical Principles”

Chapter 88, “Cadmium”

Michael G. Tunik, MD

Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics

New York University School of Medicine

Director of Research, Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 39, “Food Poisoning”

Matthew Valento, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Site Director for Medical Toxicology

University of Washington School of Medicine

Attending Physician

Harborview Medical Center

Seattle, Washington

Chapter 68, “Cyclic Antidepressants”

Susi U. Vassallo, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine

New York University School of Medicine

Emergency Physician

Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine

Bellevue Hospital Center and NYU Langone Health

New York, New York

Chapter 29, “Thermoregulatory Principles”

Chapter 41, “Athletic Performance Enhancers”

Larissa I. Velez, MD, FACEP

Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Vice Chair of Education

Program Director of Emergency Medicine

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Staff Toxicologist, North Texas Poison Center

Dallas, Texas

Antidotes in Depth: A8, “Dextrose (d-Glucose)”

Lisa E. Vivero, PharmD

Drug Information Specialist

Irvine, California

Chapter 46, “Pharmaceutical Additives”

Peter H. Wald, MD, MPH

Adjunct Professor of Public Health

San Antonio Regional Campus

University of Texas School of Public Health

Houston, Texas

Enterprise Medical Director, USAA

San Antonio, Texas

Houston, Texas

Chapter 131, “Principles of Occupational Toxicology: Diagnosis and Control”

Richard Y. Wang, DO

Senior Medical Officer

National Center for Environmental Health

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Atlanta, Georgia

Chapter 23, “Oncologic Principles”

Chapter 50, “Chemotherapeutics”

Chapter 51, “Methotrexate, 5-Flourouracil, and Capecitabine”

Special Considerations: SC8, “Extravasation of Xenobiotics”

Paul M. Wax, MD

Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine

University of Texas Southwestern Medical School

Dallas, Texas

Executive Director

American College of Medical Toxicology

Phoenix, Arizona

Chapter 1, “Historical Principles and Perspectives”

Chapter 2, “Toxicologic Misfortunes and Catastrophes in History”

Chapter 101, “Antiseptics, Disinfectants, and Sterilants”

Antidotes in Depth: A5, “Sodium Bicarbonate”

Sage W. Wiener, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

SUNY Downstate Medical Center College of Medicine

Director of Medical Toxicology

SUNY Downstate Medical Center/Kings County Hospital

Brooklyn, New York

Chapter 106, “Toxic Alcohols”

Rachel S. Wightman, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Division of Medical Toxicology

The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

Rhode Island Hospital

Providence, Rhode Island

Chapter 16, “Cardiologic Principles II: Hemodynamics”

Chapter 103, “Caustics”

Luke Yip, MD

Consultant and Attending Staff Medical Toxicologist

Denver Health

Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center

Department of Medicine

Section of Medical Toxicology

Denver, Colorado

Senior Medical Toxicologist

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Office of Noncommunicable Diseases, Injury, and Environmental Health

National Center for Environmental Health/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

Atlanta, Georgia

Chapter 76, “Ethanol”

Erin A. Zerbo, MD

Assistant Professor of Psychiatry

Associate Director, Medical Student Education in Psychiatry

Rutgers New Jersey Medical School

Newark, New Jersey

Chapter 26, “Psychiatric Principles”

Special Considerations: SC4, “Patient Violence”

Matthew D. Zuckerman, MD

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine/Medical Toxicology

University of Colorado School of Medicine

Denver, Colorado

Chapter 18, “Gastrointestinal Principles”

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